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International Monetary Fund

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adjustment programme

adjustment programme  

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Overview Page
A package of policy measures designed to cure balance-of-payments problems. Adoption of a satisfactory adjustment programme is frequently made a condition of assistance from the International ...
Arab Monetary Fund

Arab Monetary Fund  

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Established along the lines of the International Monetary Fund in 1977 for the Arab world. Its members are Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Yemen, Jordan, Qatar, Kuwait, Libya, Lebanon ...
balance of payments

balance of payments  

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. (BOP)The total net effect, positive or negative (surplus or deficit), of the trade balance, invisible balance, and capital account (cf. current account).
Bank for International Settlements

Bank for International Settlements  

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(BIS)An international bank based in Basel, founded in 1930 to coordinate payments of reparations after the First World War. Its possible role as the principal international bank was taken over after ...
Brady Plan

Brady Plan  

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An agreement in 1989 by which Mexico's external debt was restructured. The plan was suggested by, and named after, the US Secretary of the Treasury. It involved a mixture of debt reduction and ‘new ...
Brazil

Brazil  

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History
Destined by size to be the leading country of South America, Brazil is only just starting to realize its potentialBrazil's huge landmass occupies almost half the continent of South America. ...
Bretton Woods Conference

Bretton Woods Conference  

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A conference (formally, the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference) held in July 1944 at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, in the USA, at which the representatives of 44 countries, most ...
Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso  

A landlocked country in West Africa surrounded by Mali, Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana, and Côte d'Ivoire.Physical.Burkina Faso lies on a plateau, rising highest in the west and cut in the centre by the ...
Cameroon

Cameroon  

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History
Most people have seen little benefit from the exploitation of natural resourcesCameroon can be divided into four main regions. First, there is a coastal belt with mangrove forests and swamps that ...
Chile

Chile  

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History
Chile has set aside the Pinochet years, and now has a stable democracy and a successful economyChile is remarkably narrow: 4,329 kilometres long and on average no more than 180 kilometres wide. From ...
compensatory finance

compensatory finance  

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The term given to a facility provided by the International Monetary Fund under their adjustment programmes to help compensate for changes in value of a member country's export earnings. The ...
competitive devaluation

competitive devaluation  

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The devaluation of a country's currency to make its economy more competitive in international trade, rather than to correct an ongoing disequilibrium in the exchange rate.
conditionality

conditionality  

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The practice by which the International Monetary Fund (IMF) makes its loans conditional on the borrowing country adopting an approved adjustment programme or policy package. Conditionality is ...
contagion

contagion  

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A feature of the behaviour of financial markets where adverse developments in one specific company spread through the industry or sector.
convertibility

convertibility  

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The right to change money into foreign currency. A currency is convertible if holders can change it into foreign currency without permission from the authorities. A fully convertible currency is ...
Dean Acheson

Dean Acheson  

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History
(1893–1971)US politician. He served as Assistant Secretary of State, Under‐Secretary, and Secretary of State (1949–53), urging international control of nuclear power in the Acheson–Lilienthal Report ...
debt crisis

debt crisis  

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Inability or unwillingness of major debtors to service their debts, or serious fears of this. A debt crisis occurs if major debtors are unable or unwilling to pay the interest and redemption payments ...
decolonization

decolonization  

This term, while not one of art in international law, is frequently employed in U.N. practice to connote the process whereby territories evolve from colonial status to full sovereign statehood. ...
Development and Underdevelopment

Development and Underdevelopment  

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From its very beginning the science of economics has been preoccupied with economic development. But the theory of development as distinct from economic development came into vogue in the wake ...
drawing rights

drawing rights  

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Overview Page
The right of members of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to acquire foreign currency from the IMF in exchange for their own, to an extent proportional to the size of their quota. Drawing rights ...

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