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International Modern

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Achyut Kanvinde

Achyut Kanvinde  

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(1916–2002).Indian architect, a pupil of Gropius. His works include the Institute of Technology, Kanpur (1959–65), Nehru Science Centre, Bombay (1971–82), and the National Science Centre, New Delhi ...
Adolf Loos

Adolf Loos  

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(1870–1933)Austrian architect, whose rejection of all ornament, curves, and decorative features had a profound influence on a generation of architects. He was not, however, himself a successful ...
Albert Kahn

Albert Kahn  

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(1869–1942).German-born American architect. He founded (1902) the most prolific architectural practice of its time in the USA with his brothers Julius (1874–1942) and Moritz (1881–c. 1939). Their ...
Aldo Rossi

Aldo Rossi  

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 (1931–97) Italian architect, theorist, and writer.His first book, The Architecture of the City (1966), which placed a strong emphasis on the historic specificity of city architecture, aimed to be ...
Alfred Roth

Alfred Roth  

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(1903–98).Swiss architect. He established his position within International Modernism by collaborating with Le Corbusier and Jeanneret-Gris on two houses for the Weissenhofsiedlung (1927), described ...
Alvar Aalto

Alvar Aalto  

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(1898–1976)Finnish architect and designer, whose early neoclassical style changed in the late 1920s to the international modern, in such buildings as the Viipuri library and the MIT hall of ...
Álvaro Siza

Álvaro Siza  

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 (1933– ) Portuguese architect.His earliest work was in a traditional Regionalist vein and includes four private houses (1954–7), a parish centre (1956), and the Carneiro de Melo House (1957–8) in ...
Amyas Douglas Connell

Amyas Douglas Connell  

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 (1900–80), (1902–78), and (1906–84)modernist architects.Both Connell and Ward were born in New Zealand: Connell beginning his own practice producing England’s first ‘modern’ house ‘High and Over’, ...
Antonin Raymond

Antonin Raymond  

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 (1888–1976) Czech-born US architect active in Japan.Raymond was educated in Prague, worked for Cass Gilbert and Frank Lloyd Wright, and then established his own office in 1920 after working ...
Arne Jacobsen

Arne Jacobsen  

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(1902–1971)Danish architect and furniture designer, known for many buildings in the international modern style, including the SAS tower in Copenhagen and the new St Catherine's College in Oxford.Born ...
Arnold-André-Pierre Jeanneret-Gris

Arnold-André-Pierre Jeanneret-Gris  

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(1896–1967).Swiss architect, arguably one of the most important protagonists of the International Modern Movement. A cousin of Le Corbusier, he joined the office of Perret in Paris, and, from 1921 to ...
Bauhaus

Bauhaus  

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A school of applied arts established by Walter Gropius in Weimar in 1919 and noted for its refined functionalist approach to architecture and industrial design. The socialist principles on which ...
BBPR

BBPR  

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Architectural Partnership founded in Milan in 1932 by Gianluigi Banfi (1910–45), Lodovico Barbiano di Belgiojoso (1909–2004), Enrico Peressutti (1908–76), and Ernesto Nathan Rogers. Like many Italian ...
Berthold Lubetkin

Berthold Lubetkin  

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(1901–90).Russian-born, he was the most influential Socialist architectural immigrant to Britain in the 1930s, bringing International Modernism with him. He studied in Russia in the 1920s, then in ...
biomorphic

biomorphic  

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A term applied to forms in abstract art that derive from or suggest organic (rather than geometric) shapes, as, for example, in the sculpture of Henry Moore.
Bruno Paul

Bruno Paul  

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(b Seifhennersdorf, 19 Jan 1874; d Berlin, 17 Aug 1968).German architect and furniture designer. He was a founder-member of the Vereinigte Werkstätten für Kunst im Handwerk in Munich, a ...
Bruno Zevi

Bruno Zevi  

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(1918–2000).Italian architectural theorist. He studied at Harvard University, USA (1939–43), before returning to Italy. His works included Towards an Organic Architecture (1945 and 1955), ...
Carlos Raúl Villanueva

Carlos Raúl Villanueva  

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(1900–75).Venezuelan architect, born in England. He was Architect to the Venezuelan Ministry of Public Works (1929–39), and was a tireless promoter of International Modernism in his country. He ...
Charles Francis Annesley Voysey

Charles Francis Annesley Voysey  

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 (1857–1941) English architect and designer.Voysey was articled to the Gothic Revivalist J. P. Seddon in 1874 and worked for George Devey, a domestic architect specializing in the picturesque, until ...
Charles Willard Moore

Charles Willard Moore  

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(1925–93).American architect, a leading figure of Post-Modernism. He founded his own firm in 1970, subsequently forming associations with other professionals. His work was varied, full of allusions, ...

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