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interglacial

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Aftonian

Aftonian  

The earliest (1.3–0.9 Ma) of four interglacial stages in N. America, following the Nebraskan glacial episode, and approximately equivalent to the Donau/Günz interglacial of Alpine terminology. ...
Atlantic Period

Atlantic Period  

In north-west Europe, the period from around 7 500 to 5 000 years bp of wet, oceanic climate, when temperatures were warmer than at present. See Uścinowicz et al. (2007) GSA Special Paper 426 on ...
climatic change

climatic change  

During the last 55 million years the earth has been cooling; during the last million years there have been alternating glacials and interglacials. See little ice age.External causes of climatic ...
Cromerian

Cromerian  

1 A northern European interglacial stage dating from about 0.6–0.55 Ma ago. It coincides approximately with the Günz/Mindel interglacial of the Alps.2 Temperate deposits of Middle Pleistocene age ...
Donau/Günz interglacial

Donau/Günz interglacial  

An interglacial stage of the Alpine areas that may be equivalent to the Waalian of northern Europe and the Aftonian of N. America.
Dryas

Dryas  

Part of the characteristic threefold late-glacial sequence of climatic change and associated deposits following the last, Devensian, ice advance and prior to the current, Flandrian, interglacial. The ...
Eemian

Eemian  

An interglacial stage in northern Europe, dating from about 100 000 years bp to about 70 000 years bp, which may be the equivalent of the Riss/Würm interglacial of the Alpine area and the Ipswichian ...
Flandrian

Flandrian  

The present interglacial, during which there has been a global rise in sea level—the Flandrian transgression, caused by the melting of ice sheets and glaciers (Smith et al. (2006) ESPL 8, 5). The ...
glacial

glacial  

1 Of or relating to a glacier.2 An extended length of time during which earth's glaciers expanded widely. The most recent glacial epoch, better known as the Pleistocene glacial epoch, previously the ...
glacioeustasy

glacioeustasy  

The theory that sea levels rise and fall in response to the melting of ice during interglacials and the accumulation of ice during glaciations. A major glacioeustatic oscillation has an amplitude of ...
Günz/Mindel Interglacial

Günz/Mindel Interglacial  

An Alpine interglacial stage, which is perhaps the equivalent of the Cromerian stage of northern Europe.
Holocene

Holocene  

The most recent geological epoch, stretching from 12 000 years ago to the present day. See Fisch in H. von Stoch et al., eds (2004).
Holsteinian

Holsteinian  

A north European interglacial period, dating from about 0.3 Ma to 0.25 Ma, which is probably the equivalent of the Mindel/Riss Interglacial of the Alpine areas and may also be equivalent to the ...
Hoxnian

Hoxnian  

An interglacial period and a series of temperate-climate deposits named after Hoxne, Suffolk, England, with a characteristic vegetational sequence that occurs in tills of the earliest glacial stages, ...
ice age

ice age  

A time when there are ice sheets on the continents, within which there may be interglacial periods of milder climate. Ice ages last for some tens of millions of years, separated by intervals of c.150 ...
interstadial

interstadial  

A relatively short period of warming, lasting around 2000 years, that occurs within a major glacial phase. See also stadial; interglacial.
Ipswichian

Ipswichian  

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1 The temperate, last Pleistocene interglacial, named after Ipswich, Suffolk, England.2 Late Pleistocene deposits that occur in river valleys, often associated with terraces. Pollen diagrams compiled ...
megafauna

megafauna  

1 Animals that are large enough to be seen with the naked eye.2 Very large mammals (Mammalia) and birds (Aves), i.e. those exceeding 50 kg in body weight. Much controversy concerns the extinction of ...
Mindel/Riss Interglacial

Mindel/Riss Interglacial  

An Alpine interglacial stage that is possibly the equivalent of the Hoxnian of East Anglia, England, or the Holsteinian of northern Europe.
oxygen-isotope curve

oxygen-isotope curve  

A graphical plot of values for the relative proportions of two isotopes of oxygen. Oxygen can exist in several isotope forms, but only 16O and 18O are important in the analysis of oxygen isotopes ...

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