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Abdurrahman Wahid

Abdurrahman Wahid  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(1940–2009)Also known as Gus Dur. Indonesian Islamic thinker, writer, and politician. Elected president of Indonesia in 1998 and replaced by parliamentary vote in 2000. Chair of the Executive Council ...
Aceh

Aceh  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Province of Indonesia in northern Sumatra. Some historians believe that Islam first came to Indonesia through Aceh in approximately the ninth century and that Aceh was the site of the first Muslim ...
Adat

Adat  

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Religion
Traditional, often unwritten, law, the customary part of legal regulation in Muslim countries, which often comes from pre-Islamic times, and has therefore to be integrated (so far as it can be) with ...
Ahmadis

Ahmadis  

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Religion
Controversial messianic movement founded by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian, Punjab (British-controlled India), in 1889. Founder claimed to be a “nonlegislating” prophet (thus not in opposition to the ...
Arifin C. Noer

Arifin C. Noer  

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(1941–c.1996)Indonesian playwright, filmmaker, and director. Best known for his masterwork Moths (1970), Arifin was a major influence on late twentieth-century theatre, television, and film. In the ...
arja

arja  

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Sung, secular dance-drama from the island of Bali in Indonesia that developed in the early twentieth century and remains popular today. Arja relies on the interdependence of vocal and instrumental ...
Asep Sunander Sunarya

Asep Sunander Sunarya  

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(1953– )Sundanese dalang (puppet master) of Indonesia. Descended from a noted line of dalang, Sunarya is the foremost performer in a family renowned for wayang golek purwa, the rod-puppet theatre ...
Asia

Asia  

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Overview Page
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History
The largest continent in the world, occupying a third of its land surface. Asia stretches from the Arctic to the Equator and from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. Asia includes the Indian ...
Asian Development Bank

Asian Development Bank  

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(ADB; AsDB).Regional international agency patterned on the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank) and based in Manilla, the Philippines, and providing funds to the Asian ...
Bali

Bali  

The Indonesian island of Bali emerged from the sea in a series of volcanic explosions 2–3 million years ago. This turbulent beginning is responsible for the remarkable diversity of topography ...
Balinese Hindu Law

Balinese Hindu Law  

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Conquered by the Dutch (1849–1908), the island of Bali experienced thorough legal/governance reforms during Dutch administration until 1942, when was it occupied by Japan (1942–1945); it came again ...
bangsawan

bangsawan  

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Popular Malaysian and Indonesian commercial urban theatre. Parsi theatre troupes touring from Bombay in the 1880s are believed to have provided the model. Bangsawan was Malaysia's (and later ...
baris

baris  

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Several types of ceremonial Balinese warrior dances classified into different categories based on the types of weapons used. Baris has been in existence since at least the sixteenth century and ...
barong

barong  

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Large mythical supernatural beasts that appear in Balinese ritual performances. Different types of large barong masks, considered spiritually powerful objects when consecrated, are used in rituals ...
Batavia

Batavia  

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History
The former name (until 1949) of Jakarta in Indonesia.
bedoyo

bedoyo  

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A Javanese court dance from Yogyakarta and Surakarta in Indonesia performed by nine female dancers. Though bedoyo tells a story, the dancers do not have character roles or recite dialogue ...
Cultivation System

Cultivation System  

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The cultivation system— also referred to as the culture system, cultuurstelsel—was the revenue system imposed by the Dutch colonial government in Indonesia during the nineteenth century.Herman W. ...
dabus

dabus  

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A ritual-based traditional martial arts trance-dance found in parts of Sumatra in Indonesia and in the states of Selangor and Perak in peninsular Malaysia. Thought to have originated either from ...
Darul Islam

Darul Islam  

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Religion
(from Arab., dār al-Islām).A revolutionary movement in Indonesia whose aim was to establish an Islamic state. Its leader was Sekarmadji Maridjan Kartosuwirjo (1905–62), who declared the Islamic State ...
drama gong

drama gong  

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Secular Balinese theatre created in the 1960s and influenced by a mixture of traditional Balinese theatre and music, modern genres such as arja, prembon, and stambul, and Western theatre. Clown ...

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