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Immaculate Conception

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Ælfric

Ælfric  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(c.945–c.1015), Anglo-Saxon abbot, prose writer, and educator. His works, including sermons, saints' lives, and biblical translations, were intended to teach both monastic novices and laypeople. His ...
Ambrosius Catharinus

Ambrosius Catharinus  

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Religion
(c.1484–1553), theologian. Lancelot Politi became a Dominican in 1517, taking the name of two saints of the Order. He was soon employed in controverting Lutheran teaching. In Siena, he incurred the ...
Aureoli (Aureolus, Auriol), Petrus (Peter)

Aureoli (Aureolus, Auriol), Petrus (Peter)  

(c.1280–1322) French Franciscan theologian and author of,among other things, an influential and extensive commentary on Peter Lombard’s Sentences. He defended the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin ...
Clement XI

Clement XI  

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Religion
(1649–1721), Pope from 1700. In the political sphere he met with little success, and in the Treaty of Utrecht (1713) his rights in Sardinia and elsewhere were ignored. His condemnation of Jansenism ...
Dance of the Seises

Dance of the Seises  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The religious dance performed in Seville Cathedral during the celebrations of Corpus Christi and the Immaculate Conception of the BVM.
Declaration of Utrecht

Declaration of Utrecht  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The profession of faith which is the doctrinal basis of the Old Catholic Church. It was drawn up at Utrecht in 1889. While professing adherence to the beliefs of the primitive Church, it is mainly ...
Divine Praises

Divine Praises  

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Religion
A series of praises, beginning ‘Blessed be God’, sometimes said or sung after Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament before the Host is replaced in the Tabernacle. The nucleus is thought to have been ...
Eadmer

Eadmer  

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Religion
(d. ?1124),a monk of Canterbury who wrote a Latin chronicle of the events of his own time down to 1122, Historia Novorum in Anglia, a biography of his friend and leader Anselm, and an early Marian ...
Feasts of Obligation

Feasts of Obligation  

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Religion
In the RC Church, feasts of outstanding importance which the laity as well as the clergy are obliged to observe by hearing Mass on the day itself or on the previous evening and by abstaining from ...
Francisco Torres

Francisco Torres  

(c. 1509–1584),patristic scholar and RC controversialist. After studying at Alcalá, he went to Rome, where he became a well-known controversial author. From 1562 to 1563 he was at the ...
God and gender

God and gender  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Unlike the case in most mythologies, the creator and supreme god of the Bible has no female companion or wife. This lack of a consort gives rise to many questions. ...
Holy Year

Holy Year  

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Religion
A year during which the pope grants, subject to particular conditions, a plenary indulgence, the so-called Jubilee, to all those who visit Rome. A bull specifies the particular purposes of the year ...
Ineffabilis Deus

Ineffabilis Deus  

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Religion
The constitution of Pius IX, issued 8 Dec. 1854, defining the dogma of the Immaculate Conception. It asserted that the BVM ‘in the first instant of her conception was, by ...
Jean le Charlier de Gerson

Jean le Charlier de Gerson  

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Religion
(1363–1429).French churchman and spiritual writer. All his life he was concerned for a true reform of the Church by a renewal of the spirit of prayer and sacrifice. He ...
John of Wesel

John of Wesel  

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Religion
(c.1400–81), ecclesiastical reformer. He became cathedral preacher at Worms in 1463. Charged with preaching Hussite doctrines on the Church and sacraments, he was deposed from his office in 1447 and ...
Lourdes

Lourdes  

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Religion
A town in SW France, at the foot of the Pyrenees, which has been a major place of Roman Catholic pilgrimage since in 1858 a young peasant girl, Marie Bernarde Soubirous (St Bernadette), claimed to ...
Luke Wadding

Luke Wadding  

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Literature
(1588–1657),Franciscan historian. A native of Waterford, he made his profession in the Franciscan Order at Matozinhos, nr. Oporto, in 1608, studied at Lisbon and Coimbra, and was ordained priest ...
Mariology

Mariology  

The study of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Christianity. In Vatican II,The Dogmatic Constitution on the Church, ch. 8, offers a summary of the basic constituents of Mariology.
Mary

Mary  

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Religion
Arabic Maryam. Mother of Jesus and cousin of Elizabeth. Similar to the biblical account, chapter 19 of the Quran (which is named for her) depicts Mary as a chaste woman whose miraculous virgin ...
original Sin

original Sin  

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Religion
The tendency to evil supposedly innate in all human beings, held to be inherited from Adam in consequence of the Fall. The concept of original sin was established by the writings of St Augustine and ...

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