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illuminated manuscripts

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Ada School

Ada School  

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Also known as the Court School, the products of the first major scriptorium of the Carolingian Renaissance, dating from 790 to 814. The patronage of the imperial court at Aachen ...
André Beauneveu

André Beauneveu  

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(b Valenciennes, c.1330/40; d ?Bourges, c.1403).Franco-Netherlandish artist, primarily a sculptor but also active as an illuminator and a designer of stained glass. He was born in Valenciennes and is ...
Armenian art

Armenian art  

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One of the first Christian nations; the early period is dominated by religious art. A few wall paintings in churches survive from before the 10th century, the best preserved are ...
Armenian MS book

Armenian MS book  

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Armenia accepted Christianity as its state religion around 314, but Greek and Syriac were used as the languages of instruction and the liturgy until Mesrop Mashtots’ invented the Armenian alphabet ...
Bartolomeo Sanvito

Bartolomeo Sanvito  

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 (1435–1511) Italian scribe, scholar, and illuminator.Beginning his career in Padua c.1453, he was mostly in Rome from 1469, and died in Padua. His illumination (see illuminated manuscript, medieval) ...
Bayeux Tapestry

Bayeux Tapestry  

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History
A celebrated piece of embroidered linen fabric (not a tapestry) depicting the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. It is about 70 m (231 feet) long – the last section is lost – and 50 cm (19½ inches) ...
Bening

Bening  

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The name of two Netherlandish book illuminators, father and son. Sanders (sometimes called Alexander) (d Ghent, 1519) worked in Ghent and Bruges. No documented works by him are known, but ...
Bening, father and son

Bening, father and son  

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Flemish illuminators. Sanders (Alexander) (active 1469–1519) entered the Ghent guild of illuminators on 19 January 1469 sponsored by Hugo van der Goes, whose sister or niece he later married. ...
Bernat Martorell

Bernat Martorell  

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(active 1427–d. 1452).One of the great painters of Gothic altarpieces in the Catalan region of Spain. Martorell's style during the 1430s synthesized aspects of Netherlandish painting without ...
Bernward of Hildesheim

Bernward of Hildesheim  

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(b c.960; d Hildesheim, 20 Nov. 1022).German ecclesiastic and art patron. He was bishop of Hildesheim in Saxony from 993 until his death, and during this time it became an important centre for the ...
bestiary

bestiary  

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Literature
A description of animal life in verse or prose, in which the characteristics of real and fabulous beasts (like the phoenix or the unicorn) are given edifying religious meanings. This kind of allegory ...
Bible moralisée

Bible moralisée  

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(French: ‘moralized Bible’).A type of very lavish illuminated manuscript containing illustrated extracts and paraphrases from the Bible accompanied by a parallel series of pictures and commentaries ...
Bible of Borso d’Este

Bible of Borso d’Este  

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One of the most magnificent illuminated MSS of the Renaissance, densely decorated and illustrated, made for Borso d’Este, duke of Urbino (1413–71) in Ferrara. A contract dated 1455 with the ...
Bohemian School

Bohemian School  

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History
A term used to describe art produced in Bohemia in the second half of the 14th century, in particular during the reign of Charles IV, King of Bohemia from 1346 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1355. The ...
book art

book art  

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A term applied to books produced as a kind of Conceptual art, valued for the ideas they embody rather than for their appearance or literary content. This type of work originated in the 1950s (Dieter ...
book illustration

book illustration  

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History
The earliest printed books were illustrated with illuminations added by hand with a view to making the books resemble illuminated manuscripts. Subsequently books were illustrated with woodcuts and ...
book of Hours

book of Hours  

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A personal devotional book for the rich medieval laity, containing prayers for each of the eight times of prayer of the daily liturgy. They were often beautifully illuminated. See John Harthan, Books ...
Book of Kells

Book of Kells  

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Literature
An 8th‐ to 9th‐cent. manuscript of the four Gospels, with prefaces, summaries and canon tables; seven charters of the abbey of Kells have been added on blank pages. It is written in Irish majuscule ...
Book of St Chad

Book of St Chad  

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Lichfield Cathedral MS 1. The surviving volume of a two-volume gospel book containing Matthew, Mark, and the beginning of Luke, copied by a single scribe in half-uncial script in the ...
border

border  

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A form of painted decoration added to one or more of the four margins of the page of a book, usually, but not invariably, a MS. Such borders often have ...

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