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active and passive intellects

active and passive intellects  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Two powers relating to conceptual thought associated with Aristotelian philosophy. In De anima Aristotle distinguishes between the mind as a capacity for conceptual thinking (the passive intellect), ...
Alexius Meinong

Alexius Meinong  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1853–1920)is one of the most misunderstood and reviled philosophers of recent times. According to a prevalent view, he was a spendthrift metaphysician who delighted in multiplying entities ...
associationism

associationism  

A psychological doctrine concerning the attraction between mental elements or ideas, first suggested in a chapter entitled ‘Of the Association of Ideas’ that the English empiricist philosopher John ...
common sense

common sense  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
In early modern writing (e.g. Descartes) the faculty responsible for coordinating the deliveries of the different senses. In this meaning the objects of common sense are the ‘common sensibles’, i.e. ...
concept

concept  

A concept is that which is understood by a term, particularly a predicate. To possess a concept is to be able to deploy a term expressing it in making judgements: the ability connects with such ...
David Hume

David Hume  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1711–76)Scottish philosopher, economist, and historian. His philosophy rejected the possibility of certainty in knowledge, and he agreed with John Locke that there are no innate ideas, only a series ...
empiricism

empiricism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The permanent strand in philosophy that attempts to tie knowledge to experience. Experience is thought of either as the sensory contents of consciousness, or as whatever is expressed in some ...
English philosophy

English philosophy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
It is not easy to distinguish English philosophy strictly so called from philosophy in the English language. It is even harder to disentangle it from British philosophy. American philosophy, even ...
esse est percipi

esse est percipi  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(Latin, to be is to be perceived)The fundamental tenet of the subjective idealism of Berkeley.
George Berkeley

George Berkeley  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1685–1753)Irish idealist. Born at Kilkenny in Ireland, Berkeley entered Trinity College, Dublin in 1700. In 1707 he became a Fellow of the College and two years later published An Essay towards a ...
idealism, philosophical

idealism, philosophical  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Philosophical idealism is not the same as idealism considered as an attitude to be observed in life; it is not the pursuit of an ideal. It is, rather, a metaphysical ...
innate ideas

innate ideas  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Ideas that are inborn and not the product of experience. The controversy over their existence formed a major element in Locke's rejection of the philosophy of Descartes, and Locke was in turn ...
Jean-Paul Sartre

Jean-Paul Sartre  

(1905–80)A French existentialist writer and philosopher who attempted to develop a humanist critique of and philosophical foundation for Marxism. His most accessible work of interest to the social ...
Nicolas Malebranche

Nicolas Malebranche  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1638–1715)French Cartesian philosopher. Malebranche was born in Paris and educated in philosophy and theology at the Sorbonne. Deeply impressed by the philosophy of Descartes, he produced in 1674 ...
Vorstellung

Vorstellung  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
German for ‘putting forward’, hence ‘representation’ or ‘idea’ as used by British Empiricists. Like ‘idea’, Vorstellung has a narrow and a wide sense. (1) It is a mental image, picture ...

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