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action theory

action theory  

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Overview Page
A major orientation within sociology and related disciplines that privileges the analysis of the intentional behavior of individuals, or action. Action, in this narrow sense, is behavior that takes ...
Alfred Schutz

Alfred Schutz  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1899 –1959)An Austrian sociologist who bridged the gap between the phenomenological study of everyday life and the analysis of higher-order social relations (see phenomenology). Schutz was educated ...
authority

authority  

Legitimate power, decision-making capacity, and the means to cause others to obey. The word applies both to the abstract quality and to the individual or organization in command.
bureaucracy

bureaucracy  

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Overview Page
[De]A type of organization marked by a clear hierarchy of authority, the existence of written rules of procedure, and staffed by full‐time, salaried officials. Often held to be one of the ...
concentric zone theory

concentric zone theory  

R. Park and E. Burgess (1925) suggested that the struggle for scarce urban resources, especially land, led to competition for land and resources, which ultimately led to the spatial differentiation ...
Geisteswissenschaften

Geisteswissenschaften  

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Overview Page
German terms designating the human, or social, sciences and the natural sciences, respectively. The terms played a central role in the Methodenstreit, a late nineteenth-century debate about the ...
Gemeinschaft

Gemeinschaft  

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Overview Page
Usually taken in tandem, these German terms generally refer to Ferdinand Tönnies's ‘community’ and ‘society’ couplet, although the latter is sometimes also translated as ‘association’ (see Tönnies, ...
heuristic

heuristic  

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Overview Page
Denoting a method of solving a problem for which no algorithm exists. It involves trial and error, as in iteration.
heuristic device

heuristic device  

1 In sociology, any general concept that is proposed merely as an aid to analysis.2 A method of solving mathematical problems that cannot be solved in a finite number of steps. It involves ...
legitimacy

legitimacy  

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Overview Page
The acceptability or appropriateness of a ruler or political regime to its members. Legitimacy is one of the central problems of politics and can be seen as the mirror image ...
Max Weber

Max Weber  

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Overview Page
(1864–1920)German social scientist and political economist who became a founding father of modern sociology.Weber studied legal and economic history at several German universities. After a brief ...
Methodenstreit

Methodenstreit  

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Overview Page
Refers to a debate among German scholars in the decades prior to World War I regarding the methodological differences between the natural sciences (Naturwissenschaften) and the social or historical ...
moral panic

moral panic  

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Overview Page
A mass movement based on the false or exaggerated perception that some cultural behaviour or group of people is dangerously deviant and poses a threat to society's values and interests. Moral panics ...
rationalism

rationalism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Any philosophy magnifying the role played by unaided reason, in the acquisition and justification of knowledge. The preference for reason over sense experience as a source of knowledge began with the ...
reification

reification  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. The treatment of a relatively abstract signified (e.g. technology, mind, or self) as if it were a single, bounded, undifferentiated, fixed, and unchanging thing, the essential nature of which ...
Robert Redfield

Robert Redfield  

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Overview Page
(1897 –1958)A specialist of peasant communities and the effects of modernization, Redfield published a number of influential ethnographies of Mexican villages in the Yucatán Peninsula. He also ...
typology

typology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
[Te]The classification of objects, structures, or specimens by subdividing observed populations into a theoretical sequence or series of groups (types) and subgroups (subtypes) according to ...

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