Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

Overview

iconoclasm

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 107 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

adoration

adoration  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In strict terminology ‘adoration’ denotes an act of worship due to God alone. In early times the word was sometimes used loosely to include the veneration paid to persons and objects of a sacred ...
Adrian I, pope

Adrian I, pope  

(died 795)A Roman, Adrian I was consecrated on 9 Feb 772 and died on Christmas day 795. His was certainly one of the most important pontificates, from a politico-religious ...
Albanians

Albanians  

A nation of Thraco-Illyrian origin, in the Middle Ages the Albanians were ruled by the Byzantines (6th-14th cc.) and Bulgars (9th-10th cc.) before succumbing to the Turks (1479). The fourth ...
Amalarius of Metz

Amalarius of Metz  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(died after 850)The Carolingian liturgist and theologian Amalarius of Metz was a pupil of Alcuin at Tours before being appointed archbishop of Trier in 811. During Agobard's exile (c.834), he was ...
Amorian or Phrygian Dynasty

Amorian or Phrygian Dynasty  

Family that ruled from 820 to 867 and included Michael II, Theophilos, Theodora, and Michael III; it was so called because its founder, Michael II, was born in Amorion (see ...
Anastasius I

Anastasius I  

(d. 598), Patr. of Antioch 559–70 and 593–8. A critic of Justinian I's aphthartodocetism, he was deposed by Justinian II and spent 23 years in exile. A key figure in the dogmatic discussions of the ...
Andrea Orcagna

Andrea Orcagna  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b Florence, ?c.1320; d Florence, ?1368).The leading Florentine artist of the third quarter of the 14th century, a painter, sculptor, architect, and administrator. His nickname ‘Orcagna’ was ...
Antony I Kassymatas

Antony I Kassymatas  

(Κασ〈σ〉υματα̑ς), patriarch of Constantinople (ca.Jan. 821–Jan. 837?); baptismal name Constantine.Of low birth, he received a good education and became a lawyer (nomikos) in the Sphorakiou district of ...
art

art  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
It has been said that while the Greeks taught the holiness of beauty, the Hebrews taught the beauty of holiness. This is an unfortunate generalization, although it is true to say that the ancient. ...
art and architecture: Byzantine

art and architecture: Byzantine  

1. Early Byzantine (c.500–843)2. Middle Byzantine (843–1261)3. Late Byzantine (1261–1453)1. Early Byzantine (c.500–843)2. Middle Byzantine (843–1261)3. Late Byzantine (1261–1453)1. Early ...
art and architecture: Georgian

art and architecture: Georgian  

The roots of ecclesiastical building activity in art and architecture in Georgia may be traced to the declaration of Christianity as the official religion in the 320s during the reign ...
art and architecture: Mosan

art and architecture: Mosan  

A regional ‘school’ of medieval art centred in the diocese of Liège on the Meuse river in eastern Belgium. Between the 11th and 13th centuries this French-speaking part of the ...
art and architecture: Ottonian

art and architecture: Ottonian  

As befits a term derived from the political sphere, Ottonian art and architecture refers to those buildings and works of art produced in the Germanic lands (and surrounding areas) that ...
Art and the West

Art and the West  

While the dedication of Constantinople as the new Rome symbolized imperial and artistic unity and Constantinople was patterned after old Rome in its topography and monuments, their shared traditions ...
art, Umayyad

art, Umayyad  

Art produced during the Umayyad caliphate developed diverse late antique tendencies: Byzantine, Sasanian, Jewish, Palmyrene, central Asian. Major surviving monuments include the public-religious (the ...
Artabasdos

Artabasdos  

(᾽Αρταύασδος, ᾽Αρτάβαζος), usurper (742–43).An Armenian (Toumanoff, “Caucasia” 135), Artabasdos was appointed strategos of the Armeniakon by Anastasios II (713–15). He supported the revolt of Leo III ...
artist

artist  

In the MA the artist, or better artifex (‘artificer’), was most frequently considered a practitioner of the mechanical arts. Inextricably linked to his manual activities, he was viewed as a ...
Basilian monks and nuns

Basilian monks and nuns  

Those following the Rule of St Basil. Basilian life is cenobitic, with common meals, prayers, and work, the last being an innovation on the earlier eremitical model. The most important ...
Byzantine Aesthetics

Byzantine Aesthetics  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
One of the trends in medieval aesthetics within the Greek-speaking culture of Byzantium (fourth to fifteenth century), Byzantine aesthetics was based on the aesthetic ideas of antiquity (first of all ...
Byzantine art

Byzantine art  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Art produced in or under the influence of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) empire; the empire was founded in ad 330 by Constantine (the first Christian emperor of Rome) and ended in 1453 when the ...

View: