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Alfonso X

Alfonso X  

(1221–84)King of Castile and León (1252–84). His reign was a contrast between the failure of his political ambitions and his scholarly success as a law‐giver. He spent fruitless years trying to ...
ambush behaviour

ambush behaviour  

A form of hunting by speculation. The predator usually lurks in a camouflaged fashion in a place that potential prey are likely to frequent. Only when the prey comes within range is an attack ...
animal

animal  

Animal Farm a fable (1945) by George Orwell which consists of a satire on Russian Communism as it developed under Stalin. The animals of the farm, led by the pigs, revolt against the cruel farmer, ...
animal cruelty

animal cruelty  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The offence, under the Protection of Animals Acts 1911–2000, of causing any unnecessary suffering to any domestic or captive animal, including farm animals. Other statutes which serve to criminalize ...
animal finds in the east and west

animal finds in the east and west  

Archaeozoology reveals both sacred and secular human-animal relationships, adding scientific evidence to written and pictorial sources. Most finds represent opportunistic exploitation of cattle, ...
Animal Husbandry

Animal Husbandry  

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Subject:
History
Concerned not only with ‘domestic animals,’ but also bees and silkworms. Throughout the MA, animals for the most part were allowed to wander free; thus horses, for example, were often ...
animal pets

animal pets  

Medieval pets included dogs, cats, birds, and monkeys. Dogs were primarily kept for hunting, herding, and vermin-catching but were often valued for companionship as well. Ladies were known for doting ...
Arrian

Arrian  

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c. ad 86–160.Born in Nicomedia, he held local office and pursued studies with Epictetus, whose lectures he later published. In Greece between 108 and 112 he attracted the friendship of Hadrian, who ...
art and architecture: Armenian

art and architecture: Armenian  

Medieval Armenia’s visual culture bears strikingly distinctive features as well as evidence of close contact with neighbouring traditions. Art in the region is generally categorized into three ...
Artemis

Artemis  

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In Greek mythology, a goddess, daughter of Zeus and sister of Apollo. She was a huntress and is typically depicted with a bow and arrows, and was also identified with Selene, goddess of the moon; her ...
attack

attack  

Assault upon prey or rival, using weapons designed to kill or maim. In the context of predatory behaviour, attacks are usually the culmination of a period of ambush or hunting.
Austringer, Gentleman

Austringer, Gentleman  

He takes a petition from Helen to give to the King of France, All's Well That Ends Well 5.1. An austringer (sometimes spelt ‘astringer’) is a falconer. See hunting and sports.[...]
bird

bird  

A class (Aves) of endothermic (see endotherm) vertebrates that are adapted for flight, bipedal walking or running, and, in some species, swimming on or below the surface of water; flightless species ...
Book of the Duchess

Book of the Duchess  

A dream‐poem in 1,334 lines by Chaucer, probably written in 1369, in octosyllabic couplets. It is believed to be an allegorical lament on the death of Blanche of Lancaster, the first wife of John of ...
Burkhart von Hohenfels

Burkhart von Hohenfels  

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Literature
A Middle High German Minnesänger, was a nobleman from the neighbourhood of Überlingen in Swabia, who is recorded between 1212 and 1242. He was in the service of the Emperor ...
caccia

caccia  

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Subject:
Music
(It.).Chase, hunt, e.g. alla caccia, in hunting style. In ars nova 2 vv. ‘chased’ each other in strict canon, the text often dealing with hunting. See oboe family and corno da caccia.
conspicuous consumption

conspicuous consumption  

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Spending on goods and services primarily to display income or wealth, or to attain a certain social status.
Constantine Pantechnes

Constantine Pantechnes  

Metropolitan of Philippopolis; fl. ca.1191.He was the author of an ekphrasis in which he vividly described hunting with hounds, falcons, and tame leopards.ed. E. Miller, Description d'une chasse ...
consumptive use

consumptive use  

The use of resources in ways that reduce supply. Example include mining and grazing, or hunting, fishing, and logging in a forest. Contrast non‐consumptive use.
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species  

An international agreement, launched under the auspices of the IUCN in 1975, designed to regulate trade in endangered wildlife and thus help to conserve those species. It has been signed by 132 ...

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