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David Hume

(1711—1776) philosopher and historian

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A. J. Ayer

A. J. Ayer  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1910–1989)British philosopher, responsible for introducing the principles of logical positivism of the Vienna Circle to British philosophers. He was knighted in 1970.Born in London, Ayer was ...
Aberdeen Philosophical Society

Aberdeen Philosophical Society  

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Philosophy
Also known as the Wise Club, the Aberdeen Philosophical Society was founded in January 1758 and continued to meet until the spring or early summer of 1773. The Society was ...
abstraction

abstraction  

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Philosophy
Supposed process of forming an idea by abstracting out what is common to a variety of instances: a process stressed, for example, by Aquinas in his moderate solution to the problem of universals ...
action

action  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
What an agent does, as opposed to what happens to an agent (or even what happens inside an agent's head). Describing events that happen does not of itself permit us to talk of rationality and ...
Adam Ferguson

Adam Ferguson  

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Philosophy
(1723–1816)Scottish philosopher of the Enlightenment, and often regarded as a pioneer of sociology. Adam Ferguson was educated at St Andrews and became a chaplain of the Black Watch Highlander ...
Adam Smith

Adam Smith  

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(1723–90)Scottish philosopher and economist. Although best remembered as an economist, Smith was a polymath, and an eminent social theorist and moral philosopher. Born in Kirkcaldy, he was educated ...
aesthetics

aesthetics  

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Philosophy
(Greek sense perception)Kant keeps the ancient Greek usage, in which anything treating of sense perception may be called an aesthetic. The word had earlier been restricted by Baumgarten to the ...
Alan John Mitchell Milne

Alan John Mitchell Milne  

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Philosophy
(1922–88)Alan Milne was born in the Wycombe district of Buckinghamshire on 30 April 1922 and died in Oxford on 24 May 1988. He joined the army directly from Uppingham ...
Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein  

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(1879–1955)German-born physicist, a thinker of astounding insight, author of the special and general theories of relativity, and winner of the 1921 Nobel Prize for Physics for his work on the ...
Alexander Bain

Alexander Bain  

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Philosophy
(1818–1903)Scottish philosopher. The self-taught son of a weaver, Bain eventually enrolled in Marischal College, in Aberdeen, and became a radical follower of J. S. Mill. He was appointed professor ...
Alexander Campbell Fraser

Alexander Campbell Fraser  

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Subject:
Philosophy
(1819–1914)Alexander Campbell Fraser was born at Ardchattan in Argyll on 8 September 1819 and died in Edinburgh on 2 December 1914. His mother was the daughter of a Campbell ...
Alexander Crombie

Alexander Crombie  

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Subject:
Philosophy
(1762–1840)Alexander Crombie was born in Aberdeen on 17 July 1762 and died at his estate at Phesdo, Kincardineshire in February 1840. He studied at Marischal College, Aberdeen, where he ...
Alexander Duncan

Alexander Duncan  

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Subject:
Philosophy
(1708–95)Alexander Duncan was born in Aberdeen and died on 29 September 1795. He attended Aberdeen University. He was licensed to preach in 1735, and is often remembered for having ...
Alexander Gerard

Alexander Gerard  

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Philosophy
(1728–95)Scottish divine. Gerard succeeded Fordyce as professor in Aberdeen, after the latter drowned in a shipwreck. His one philosophical work was the Essay on Taste (1759), the descendant of a ...
Alexander Wedderburn, 1st earl of Rosslyn

Alexander Wedderburn, 1st earl of Rosslyn  

(1733–1805).Wedderburn was a member of a Scottish legal family and an associate of David Hume and Adam Smith's Edinburgh circle. He was called to the English bar in 1757 ...
Alfred North Whitehead

Alfred North Whitehead  

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Subject:
Philosophy
(1861–1947)British mathematician, logician, and metaphysician.The son of a clergyman, Whitehead was born in Ramsgate, Kent, and educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he remained as student, ...
Alison Cockburn

Alison Cockburn  

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Subject:
Literature
(c. 1712–94),Scots poet and song‐writer, whose lively soirées brought together most of the literary talent of 18th‐cent. Edinburgh. She was friendly with Hume and Sir W. Scott, and was admired by ...
Allan Ramsay

Allan Ramsay  

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(b Edinburgh, 2 Oct. 1713; d Dover, 10 Aug. 1784).Scottish painter, active mainly in London, where he was the outstanding portraitist from about 1740 to the rise of Reynolds in the mid-1750s (he also ...
allotropy

allotropy  

The existence of elements in two or more different forms (allotropes). In the case of oxygen, there are two forms: ‘normal’ dioxygen (O2) and ozone, or trioxygen (O3). These two allotropes have ...
anattavada

anattavada  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The Buddhist doctrine that there is no soul. The Buddha taught that nothing is permanent or unchangeable, and (as Hume later insisted) when we look inside ourselves we find only fleeting mental ...

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