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Anne Dubourg

Anne Dubourg  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(c. 1520–59), French Protestant martyr. He became conseiller-clerc to the Parlement of Paris in 1557. At Easter 1559 he made his Communion with the Huguenots. A provocative speech in their defence in ...
Antoine de Montchrétien

Antoine de Montchrétien  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(c.1575–1621)French dramatist. A pioneer industrialist, Montchrétien also wrote several tragedies. These mostly treat subjects from mythology, ancient history, or the Old Testament; but in La Reine ...
Augustus I

Augustus I  

(1526–86),Elector of Saxony, was born in Freiberg on 31 July 1526, the younger son of Heinrich, duke of Saxony, a member of the Albertine branch of the Wettin family. ...
banking

banking  

A system of trading in money which involved safeguarding deposits and making funds available for borrowers, banking developed in the Middle Ages in response to the growing need for credit in ...
Bartholomew's Day, Massacre of St

Bartholomew's Day, Massacre of St  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The massacre of a large number of Huguenots which took place on the night of 23–4 Aug. 1572 and the two following days in Paris and other French cities.
Battle of the Boyne

Battle of the Boyne  

(1 July 1690)A major defeat for the Stuart cause which confirmed William III's control over Ireland. It took place near Drogheda, where the recently deposed James II and his Irish and French forces ...
billeting

billeting  

The right of the crown to demand accommodation for its troops was always part of the royal prerogative. Though it was never popular, since remuneration was often inadequate, it did not become a major ...
Calvinism

Calvinism  

The Protestant theological system of the French Protestant theologian and reformer John Calvin (1509–64) and his successors, which develops Luther's doctrine of justification by faith alone into an ...
Camisards

Camisards  

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Overview Page
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Religion
A group of fanatical French Protestants, who rose in revolt in the Cévennes district in 1702 against the rigorous steps taken by Louis XIV to suppress their religion.
Cardinal Richelieu

Cardinal Richelieu  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(1585–1642), French theologian and politician. He was created a cardinal in 1622; he became President of the Council of Ministers in 1624 and from 1629 he was chief minister of France. Seeking to ...
Catherine de' Medici

Catherine de' Medici  

(1519–89)Queen of France. The wife of Henry II of France, Catherine ruled as regent (1560–74) during the minority reigns of their three sons, Francis II (reigned 1559–60), Charles IX (reigned ...
Catholic League

Catholic League  

(1576–95),A political and military force representing the Catholic party in France during the central years of the Wars of Religion; individual members of the League were known as Ligueurs. ...
Channel Islands

Channel Islands  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Dependencies of the British crown—constitutionally odd and financially richThe Channel Islands consist of four main islands and numerous other islets. They are governed as two separate ‘bailiwicks’ ...
Charles de Guise

Charles de Guise  

(1525–74),French cardinal, the younger brother of François de Lorraine, second duke of Guise. He was destined for a career in the Church, to which end he was appointed archbishop ...
Charles IX

Charles IX  

(1550–74),King of France, was the second son of King Henri II and Catherine de Médicis; before his accession he was known as duke of Orléans. In 1560, aged 10 ...
Christianity in France

Christianity in France  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Christianity seems to have been introduced into Gaul in the 2nd cent. by missionaries from Asia Minor. The Christian community at Lyons suffered persecution in 177. A Gallic episcopate was ...
Claudio Aquaviva

Claudio Aquaviva  

(1543–1615), fifth General of the Jesuits from 1581. Under his leadership the Society was consolidated both in respect of its internal structures and its characteristic approach to ministry. Its ...
Colloquy of Poissy

Colloquy of Poissy  

(September–October 1561),A conference between Catholic churchmen (led by Cardinal Tournon and including Diego Laínez, general of the Jesuits) and Protestant theologians (led by Theodore Beza and ...
Condé

Condé  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
A junior branch of the French royal House of Bourbon. The name was first borne by Louis I de Bourbon (1530–69), prince de Condé, a military leader of the Huguenots during the first phase of the ...
Count of Nassau Louis

Count of Nassau Louis  

(1538–74),Dutch leader in the Revolt of the Netherlands, the son of William of Nassau and the younger brother of William of Orange. He was raised in the Lutheran faith ...

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