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William Morris Hughes

(1862—1952) prime minister of Australia

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Admiral Sir Percy Fenwick George Grant

Admiral Sir Percy Fenwick George Grant  

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Overview Page
(?1867–8 September 1952).As a British naval officer, Grant served in Egypt in 1882 and thereafter held various commands afloat, until appointment in 1915 as chief of staff to the ...
Albert Bathurst Piddington

Albert Bathurst Piddington  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(1862–1945)qualified in law but chose to teach, including five years at the University of Sydney where his circle of friends included Christopher Brennan. In 1895 he was elected to ...
ALP (principles and practice)

ALP (principles and practice)  

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Overview Page
The Australian Labor Party (ALP) was established ‘to create a better, fairer life for working people’. From this foundation Labor's values, policy, and practice have evolved in response to national ...
Andrew Fisher

Andrew Fisher  

(b. 29 Aug. 1862, d. 22 Oct. 1928).Prime Minister of Australia 1908–9, 1910–13, 1914–15 Born in Ayrshire (Scotland), in 1879 he was elected district secretary of the Ayrshire Miner's Union, which ...
arbitration

arbitration  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A means of settling disputes without recourse to law. The arbitrator will hear the case of the parties and make either a binding or an indicative judgment.
Australian Labor Party

Australian Labor Party  

(ALP)is the oldest political party in Australia. Its origins lie in the formation of electoral organisations by trade unionists and socialists from the late 1880s. The defeat of the ...
Australian National Defence League

Australian National Defence League  

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Overview Page
Formed on 5 September 1905 in Sydney, was modelled on Britain's National Service League, but differed from the British body in significant ways. It sought a system of universal training ...
Brigadier Sir Frederick Gallagher Galleghan

Brigadier Sir Frederick Gallagher Galleghan  

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(4 September 1863–22 January 1934).Galleghan enlisted in the AIF in January 1916, and served in France with the 34th Battalion. He was promoted to sergeant and was badly wounded ...
Britain–Australia

Britain–Australia  

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Overview Page
Beyond the well-worn caricatures that depict an impatient youth pulling relentlessly at mother's apron-strings, the Australia–Britain relationship is a study in the complex interplay between ...
Canada–Australia

Canada–Australia  

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Overview Page
The titles of several recent historical examinations of the Canadian–Australian relationship convey ideas of separation and detachment: ‘parties long estranged’, ‘distant ally’, and ‘parallel paths’. ...
Chanak crisis

Chanak crisis  

September–October 1922.Turkish nationalists under Mustapha Kemal were unhappy about the loss of territory to Greece under the Sèvres treaty of 1920. They expelled the Greeks from Smyrna by force in ...
Charles Edwin Woodrow Bean

Charles Edwin Woodrow Bean  

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Overview Page
(1879–1968),Australian official historian. A pre-war journalist, Bean served with the Australian Imperial Force at Gallipoli and in France for the duration of WW I as official correspondent. He was ...
Colonial Office

Colonial Office  

The changes in the status and structure of the Colonial Office mirror the vicissitudes of the British empire. For most of the 17th cent., while the American colonies were being established, there was ...
conscription

conscription  

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Overview Page
N. compulsory enlistment for state service, typically into the armed forces.
CSIRO

CSIRO  

(Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)was founded in the midst of World War I by Prime Minister Hughes, who was impressed by Germany's technological might and wanted to create ...
Daniel Mannix

Daniel Mannix  

(1864–1963),Catholic ecclesiastic. Born in Co. Cork, he taught at Maynooth and became president there in 1903, before being appointed coadjutor archbishop of Melbourne in 1912 and archbishop in 1917. ...
Darwin rebellion

Darwin rebellion  

Took place on 17 December 1918 when three or four hundred men led by the Australian Workers Union secretary, Harold Nelson, marched on Government House to demand that the NT ...
Defence Act

Defence Act  

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Overview Page
(An Act to provide for the Naval and Military Defence and Protection of the Commonwealth and of the several States) 1903, came into force on 1 March 1904, three years ...
demobilization

demobilization  

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Overview Page
Of a military force means breaking up its component formations and units and discharging its personnel from military control and responsibility. A major part of demobilisation is the return of ...
Digger

Digger  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
N. Austral./NZ informal a man, especially a private soldier (often used as a friendly form of address): how are you, Digger?early 20th cent.: from digger ‘miner,’ reinforced by association with the ...

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