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Ebenezer Howard

(1850—1928) founder of the garden city movement

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Clarence S. Stein

Clarence S. Stein  

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(188–1975).American architect and planner. He founded the Regional Planning Association to promote solutions to urban overcrowding and applied Ebenezer Howard's Garden City ideas to two important ...
Company town

Company town  

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Planned development to house factory workers. Early examples include the Saline de Chaux (or du Roi), Arc-et-Senans (1773–8), by Ledoux, and New Lanark, on the Clyde, in Scotland, commenced by David ...
garden city

garden city  

A new town that has been designed with a special emphasis on natural landscaping and retaining a rural atmosphere.
Georges Benoît-Lévy

Georges Benoît-Lévy  

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(1880–1971).French theorist, founder of the Association Française des Cités-Jardins (1903), based on Ebenezer Howard's ideas in England for Garden Cities. It achieved a few pleasant garden suburbs, ...
Ingrid Bergman

Ingrid Bergman  

(1915–1982)Swedish-born actress.Bergman first made her name on stage and screen in Sweden before embarking on an international career in Hollywood. Gustaf Molander's Intermezzo (1936), made in ...
Jane Jacobs

Jane Jacobs  

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(1916–2006).American city planner and critic. Believing cities provide the foundation for civilization, she made her name with The Death and Life of Great American Cities (1961), a sustained attack ...
Lewis Mumford

Lewis Mumford  

(1895–1990).American architectural and town-planning critic. A disciple of Patrick Geddes, his views on urban planning originally stemmed from that source. His Story of Utopias (1922) was followed by ...
new town

new town  

A planned urban community that is developed in a rural area, and is designed to be largely self‐sufficient with its own housing, education, commerce, and recreation.
Radburn

Radburn  

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Planning principle developed at Radburn, NJ, on lines suggested originally by Ebenezer Howard and promoted by Lewis Mumford, Clarence Stein, and others. The proposed town (which was later ...
satellite town

satellite town  

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Town, self-contained and limited in size, built in the vicinity of a large town or city to house and employ those who would otherwise create a demand for expansion of the existing settlement, but ...
Sir Carol Reed

Sir Carol Reed  

(1906–1976)British film director who made some exceptional films in the postwar years. He was knighted in 1952.Reed, who was born in London and educated at King's School, Canterbury, began his career ...

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