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academic medicine

academic medicine  

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Is a term often used but rarely defined because it is felt that most will understand its meaning. The last edition of the Oxford Companion to Medicine states that it ...
Act of Union

Act of Union  

1801.United the parliaments of Great Britain and Ireland, abolished the Irish Parliament in Dublin, and ended Irish legislative independence granted in 1782. The Act originated from Britain's ...
Agnes of Bohemia

Agnes of Bohemia  

Foundress and first abbess of the Franciscan (poor Clare) nuns (d. c.1282). A descendant of Duke Wenceslaus, daughter of Ottokar I king of Bohemia and his Hungarian royal wife, Agnes from early ...
airport

airport  

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The paradox of airport architecture is that for most of the 20th century this most modern of building types proved an unsatisfactory medium for architectural Modernism, or indeed for almost ...
Alexis, Legend of Saint

Alexis, Legend of Saint  

The starting-point for the legend of St Alexis was probably the existence at Edessa, around the 5th c., of an ascetic famous for his extreme poverty and humility. Starting from ...
Amalfi

Amalfi  

A small Italian city in Campania, clinging to the rocky slopes of its peninsula dominating the bay of Salerno, Amalfi is mentioned as a bishopric in a letter of Pope ...
antisepsis

antisepsis  

n. the elimination of bacteria, fungi, viruses, and other microorganisms that cause disease by the use of chemical or physical methods.
Antonines

Antonines  

The Hospitaller Order of St Anthony in Viennois (Isère) arose in c.1095. At this time there appeared in Europe a sickness called ignis sacer by reason of the burning pains ...
architecture, Ecclesiastical

architecture, Ecclesiastical  

Ecclesiastical architecture responds, from a purely practical point of view, primarily to the requirements of worship and secondarily to the needs of those who dedicate themselves to the religious ...
asylums

asylums  

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History
For the insane had medieval origins in Britain, with London's Bethlem Hospital (Bedlam) the most famous. Its shortened name passed into the language as befitted a frame of mind in which madness was ...
Autun

Autun  

Founded by Augustus (hence Augustodunum), this fortified centre of Burgundian trade, church history, and rhetoric still has Roman remains. Its outstanding architectural monument is the 12th-century ...
Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin  

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Literature
(1706–90)Although Franklin's distinction rests on his work as a scientist and statesman, his homely moral and political philosophy, particularly as expounded in Poor Richard's Almanack (1733–58), has ...
Bergen

Bergen  

Norwegian town. Bergen probably became a bishop’s seat and a legally confirmed urban community in the reign of King Olaf III Haraldsson (1067–93). The town grew into the all-important export ...
biology

biology  

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The study of living organisms; or a generic term for the life sciences, including botany, zoology, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, and related disciplines. [From Greek bios life + logos word, ...
birth

birth  

Syn: parturition. Delivery of an infant capable of independent existence, an event that occurs naturally when the cervix is fully dilated, at which stage the uterine, abdominal, and pelvic muscles ...
Bruges

Bruges  

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A city in NW Belgium, capital of the province of West Flanders, which until the 15th century was a centre of the Flemish textile trade.Bruges Group a political pressure group formed with the ...
building types

building types  

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A phrase used to describe a conventional system of classification in which buildings are categorized according to their function. Functional typologies are linguistic—they depend on the use of such ...
Camaldolese

Camaldolese  

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Religion
St Romuald founded a monastery at Camaldoli, near Arezzo, between 1012 and 1023; its ideal was the minimum of communal ties. A hospice which he founded at Fontebuona developed as a coenobitic house; ...
Cambrai

Cambrai  

A politically valuable frontier town, Cambrai was near the French, Flemish, and German borders, with bishops dominant from the 10th century. Cambrai was a centre of cloth production in the ...
casualty

casualty  

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N.any person who is lost to the organization by having been declared “dead,” “missing,” “ill,” “injured,” or “duty status-whereabouts unknown.”

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