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Battle of Cassino

Battle of Cassino  

A long-running battle (January–May 1944) in and around the abbey at Monte Cassino, Italy. Germans had captured the town and strategic lookout point afforded by the hill on which the ...
Battle of Roncesvalles

Battle of Roncesvalles  

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A battle which took place in 778 at a mountain pass in the Pyrenees, near the village of Roncesvalles in northern Spain. The rearguard of Charlemagne's army was attacked by the Basques and massacred; ...
Bedouin

Bedouin  

A nomadic Arab of the desert; the word comes (via Old French) from Arabic badawīn ‘dwellers in the desert’, from badw ‘desert’.
colours

colours  

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N.1 the flag of a regiment or ship.2 a national flag.3 the armed forces of a country, as symbolized by its flag: he was called to the colors during the war.[...]
Commonwealth War Graves Commission

Commonwealth War Graves Commission  

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This is responsible for commemoration of those who died in the two world wars while serving with imperial, now Commonwealth, forces. Its duties are to mark and maintain the graves ...
decorations and orders

decorations and orders  

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Besides issuing campaign medals, every combatant nation awarded decorations for gallantry to the members of its armed services, and to civilians, especially resistance workers. These normally took ...
discipline

discipline  

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N.1 the practice of training people to obey rules or a code of behavior, using punishment to correct disobedience: a lack of proper parental and school discipline.2 the ...
Dreyfus Affair

Dreyfus Affair  

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Literature
A crisis that shook French politics and society to their foundations. In December 1894 Captain Alfred Dreyfus (b. 1859, d. 1935), a Jewish officer from Alsace on the General Staff of the French Army, ...
duelling

duelling  

The first duel in Canada took place in 1646. In the next 200 years about 300 incidents were reported, ranging from challenges not accepted to actual swordplay or gunfire. Duels ...
forlorn hope

forlorn hope  

The sixteenth- and seventeenth-century military term for a body of men deputed to initiate a tightly focused skirmish; they fought in front of the vanguard of the army. In English ...
fragging

fragging  

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Is a term first encountered during the latter years of the Vietnam War. It refers to the killing of officers and noncommissioned officers using fragmentation hand grenades, often thrown into ...
fyrd

fyrd  

In theory all freemen of Anglo‐Saxon England were under an obligation to serve in the fyrd (army) when called upon. In practice communications were so difficult, crises so sudden, piratical or Viking ...
grenadier

grenadier  

ˌgrenǝˈdirn.1 a soldier armed with grenades or a grenade launcher.2 Grenadiers or Grenadier Guards (in the UK) the first regiment of the royal household infantry.
guards

guards  

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Forces raised to protect the monarch or head of state sometimes serving as shock troops in battle. Guards have played a political as well as a military role. After the ...
Heinz Guderian

Heinz Guderian  

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(1888–1954)German general and tank expert. A proponent of the Blitzkrieg tactics, he used tanks in large formations in the conquest of Poland (1939) and of France (1940). As commander-in-chief of the ...
light troops

light troops  

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Is a phrase used throughout military history to distinguish unencumbered, agile soldiers by contrast with the ‘heavy’ or line infantry and cavalry. Modern usage first rose to real prominence during ...
military in literature and drama

military in literature and drama  

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Given the dramatic nature of warfare and the inherent tragedy within it, it is not surprising that the military has been the subject, direct or indirect, of a vast amount ...
morale

morale  

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N.the confidence, enthusiasm, and discipline of a person or group at a particular time: their morale was high.
parole

parole  

Pǝˈrōln.1 historical a promise or undertaking given by a prisoner of war not to escape or, if released, to return to custody under stated conditions: I took their ...
rō nin

rō nin  

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(Jap.: rōnin, wave man)was a masterless samurai, an unemployed warrior. A favourite subject of literature and folklore, at one extreme he appears as a knight errant, driven on by ...

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