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Blood-Feud

Blood-Feud  

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Overview Page
The custom of the blood-feud was common to Germanic societies in the early medieval period, underpinning many aspects of the familial and social organization of Anglo-Saxon England, Francia, and the ...
Brotherhood-in-arms

Brotherhood-in-arms  

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Overview Page
Chronicles of the period of the Hundred Years’ War quite often refer to knights, esquires, and men-at-arms who are said to have been brothers or sworn companions in arms. Such ...
Callistus II

Callistus II  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 1124), Pope from 1119. He was a strong opponent of lay investiture; during his pontificate the Investiture Controversy was settled by the Concordat of Worms (1122). At the Lateran Council of 1123 ...
Conrad of Urach

Conrad of Urach  

(died 1227)A Cistercian from 1199, papal legate from 1215 and cardinal of Porto and Santa Rufina from 1219.A member of the illustrious Zähringen dynasty, to which the bishop ...
count

count  

A foreign nobleman whose rank corresponds to that of an earl; the term is recorded from late Middle English, and comes via Old French from Latin comes, comit- ‘companion, overseer, attendant’, in ...
Edda

Edda  

Either of two 13th-century Icelandic books, the Elder or Poetic Edda (a collection of Old Norse poems on Norse legends) and the Younger or Prose Edda (a handbook to Icelandic poetry by Snorri ...
feud

feud  

One of the central protections members of kin groups offered to one another in the MA, the feud was a means of resolving disputes through violence, negotiation, or a combination ...
homicide

homicide  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Lawfully or unlawfully causing the death of another person. If intention to cause death is involved the offence will amount to murder. If there is only criminal negligence or an ...
Lancelot

Lancelot  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
In Arthurian legend, the most famous of Arthur's knights, father of Galahad; he is one of the most significant figures of the cycle, since it is the revelation of his adulterous love for Guinevere ...
Lewes

Lewes  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
An important burgh in the 10th c., after the Norman conquest Lewes (Sussex) was the site of the most important Cluniac priory in England, founded in 1077 by William of ...
Manfred

Manfred  

(1231–66)King of Sicily (1258–66). The illegitimate son of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II, he ruled in Italy on behalf of Conradin, his half-brother, and with support from the Saracens took the ...
Marrano

Marrano  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(in medieval Spain) a christianized Jew or Moor, especially one who merely professed conversion in order to avoid persecution. The name is Spanish, and is of unknown origin, although various ...
Mechthild of Magdeburg

Mechthild of Magdeburg  

(c.1207–c.1282), author of a book of mystical revelations. Of noble Saxon family, she became a Beguine at Magdeburg. The various books of her visions, entitled Das fliessende Licht der Gottheit (‘The ...
Monte Sant'angelo

Monte Sant'angelo  

According to the text relating the appearance of St Michael on Monte Gargano in Apulia, doubtless written in the 9th c. and incorporating older elements, a certain Garganus, an inhabitant ...
Nibelung

Nibelung  

In Germanic mythology, a member of a Scandinavian race of dwarfs, owners of a hoard of gold and magic treasures, who were ruled by Nibelung, king of Nibelheim (land of mist). The treasure was ...
Noble, Nobility

Noble, Nobility  

Medieval societies were aristocratic societies, in which wealth, power and prestige belonged to a small elite which, in most cases, perpetuated and reproduced itself from generation to generation. It ...
Robertians

Robertians  

The man who gave his name to the family, Robert the Strong, was descended from aristocrats settled in the Rhineland; his ancestor was a relative of the empress Irmingarde, first ...
saga

saga  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
[Ge]Old Norse word meaning a story (originally in prose) of quasi‐legendary events; colloquially, a long tale. Used chiefly to describe the historical stories current in Iceland in the Middle Ages.
satisfaction

satisfaction  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
An act of reparation for an injury; in Christian theology usually the payment of a penalty due to God on account of sin. St Anselm gave the term theological currency in reference to the Atonement by ...
St Bruno

St Bruno  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c. 1032–1101),German-born French churchman. In 1084 he withdrew to the mountains of Chartreuse and founded the Carthusian order at La Grande Chartreuse. His feast day is 6 October.

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