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Holocene

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altithermal

altithermal  

1 In general, any period of high temperature.2 Often used to refer specifically to a period of time in the mid‐Holocene, between about 4000 and 8000 years ago, when the climate was generally warmer ...
Anthropogene

Anthropogene  

The name that is sometimes given informally to the Holocene, since this is the time during which human activity has significantly altered the natural environment.
anthropogenic indicator

anthropogenic indicator  

An organism, usually present as a fossil, that indicates the past involvement of human activity. An example is the pollen of the herbs Plantago lanceolata (ribwort) or Ambrosia species (ragweeds), ...
Castlecliffian

Castlecliffian  

A series (0.01143–1.1 Ma ago) in the Quaternary of New Zealand, underlain by the Nukumaruan, overlain by the Holocene, and roughly contemporaneous with the uppermost Calabrian and Emilian Stages, and ...
Chaetodermatida

Chaetodermatida  

(class Amphineura, subclass Aplacophora)An order of aplacophorans which lack a ventral groove. The simple, bell-shaped mantle cavity contains a pair of, or several, true gills. Individuals are ...
Climate Change and Societal Development

Climate Change and Societal Development  

The many rapid and severe climate changes of the Quaternary have affected humans in many parts of the world (Table 1). Changes during the Upper Miocene (6–8 million years ago) ...
climatic optimum

climatic optimum  

Period of highest prevailing temperatures since the last ice age, in most parts of the world about 4 000–8 000 years ago.
coccolithophorids

coccolithophorids  

(phylum Prymnesiophyta)A group of unicellular, marine, planktonic algae which are, at least at some stage in their life cycle, covered in calcareous plates (coccoliths) embedded in a gelatinous ...
Devensian Stage

Devensian Stage  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Ge]A group of deposits representing a geostratigraphic stage within the Pleistocene series of the British Quaternary System, dating to the period betwen 120 000 and 10 000 years ago. The Devensian ...
Domestication of Plants

Domestication of Plants  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
Soon after the end of the Pleistocene, the appearance of domesticated plants marked a fundamental change in the relationship between plants and people throughout much of the world. These domesticated ...
epoch

epoch  

An interval of geological time; several epochs form a period, several periods an era. An epoch is ranked as a third-order time unit (M. Allaby2006).
eustasy

eustasy  

The world-wide changing of sea level caused either by tectonic movements, or by the growth or decay of glaciers (glacio-eustasy, or glacio-eustastism).
Flandrian

Flandrian  

The present interglacial, during which there has been a global rise in sea level—the Flandrian transgression, caused by the melting of ice sheets and glaciers (Smith et al. (2006) ESPL 8, 5). The ...
global warming

global warming  

The gradual increase in the overall temperature of the earth's atmosphere due to the greenhouse effect caused by increased levels of carbon dioxide, CFCs, and other pollutants.
Hallian

Hallian  

The last of two stages (5.5–0.1Ma ago) in the Pleistocene of the west coast of N. America, underlain by the Wheelerian, overlain by the Holocene, and roughly contemporaneous with the Upper ...
The Holocene

The Holocene   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Science and technology, Environmental Science, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
3,968 words
Illustration(s):
1

The period after the Late Glacial Oscillation has traditionally been divided into the Late Glacial (Pleistocene) and the postglacial (Holocene,

Holocene

Holocene   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
35 words

Division of geological time extending from c.10,000 years ago to the present. It includes the emergence of humans as

Holocene

Holocene   Reference library

Chris Scarre, Petra Day, Willy Tinner, Angela E. Close, Thomas C. Johnson, and Vaughn M. Bryant

The Oxford Companion To Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
4,011 words

Introduction Holocene Environments in Europe Holocene Environments in Africa Holocene Environments in the Americas

Holocene

Holocene   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
68 words

[Ge]

The later of two chronostratigraphic units or epochs forming the Quaternary Period (the earlier one is the Pleistocene),...

Holocene/Recent

Holocene/Recent   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Earth

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

The Holocene is the later of the two epochs of the Quaternary Period, the earlier being the Pleistocene. The Recent

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