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Adolf Hitler

(1889—1945)

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A. J. P. Taylor

A. J. P. Taylor  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1906–90),historian. His many publications include The Habsburg Monarchy (1941), The Troublemakers (1957, from his Ford lectures), The Origins of the Second World War (1961), a life of Beaverbrook ...
Adidas

Adidas  

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Overview Page
(established 1920)This leading global producer of sports footwear, equipment, and leisure wear is widely recognized by its trefoil logo, launched in 1972, the more geometric performance logo ...
Afrika Korps

Afrika Korps  

Also the Deutsches Afrika Korps or DAK the German forces commanded by Gen. Erwin Rommel in North Africa from February 1941 to March 1943, when it became a part of ...
Air Force Combat Organizations: Strategic Air Forces

Air Force Combat Organizations: Strategic Air Forces  

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Overview Page
First introduced as auxiliaries in support of ground and naval forces, aircraft offered a potential technological solution to the problems of warfare in the industrial age. Aerial forces could fly ...
airborne force

airborne force  

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Overview Page
A force made up of both ground and air combat units, brought together, equipped, and trained to engage in airborne missions.
Albania

Albania  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
One of the poorest of the former communist states, Albania is now moving towards the European UnionThough Albania is a coastal country, not much of its territory is at sea level. Mountains make up ...
Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein  

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Overview Page
(1879–1955)German-born physicist, a thinker of astounding insight, author of the special and general theories of relativity, and winner of the 1921 Nobel Prize for Physics for his work on the ...
Albert Speer

Albert Speer  

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(1905–81)German Nazi leader. He was the official architect for the Nazi Party, designing the grandiose stadium at Nuremberg (1934). An efficient organizer, he became (1942) Minister for Armaments and ...
Albrecht Kesselring

Albrecht Kesselring  

(1885–1960)German air force chief and field-marshal who demonstrated great skill as an army commander in World War II, particularly during the defensive campaign in Italy.Commissioned in the Bavarian ...
Alec Douglas-Home, Lord Home

Alec Douglas-Home, Lord Home  

(1903–95).Prime minister. Douglas‐Home succeeded to the earldom in 1951 but relinquished it in 1963 to re‐enter the Commons as prime minister, in succession to Harold Macmillan. In 1974 he returned ...
Alfred Jodl

Alfred Jodl  

(b. 10 May 1890, d. 16 Oct. 1946).Military adviser to Hitler One of Hitler's closest associates and an assistant to W. Keitel since 1939, he was convicted of war crimes at the Nuremberg Trials and ...
André Malraux

André Malraux  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1901–76)French novelist, essayist, and art critic. Out of his experiences as a political activist, in China in the 1920s and in Spain during the Civil War, he wrote a ...
Anschluss

Anschluss  

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Subject:
History
(German, ‘connection’) Hitler's annexation of Austria. The German Second empire did not include Austrian Germans, who remained in Austria‐Hungary. In 1934 a coup by Austrian Nazis failed to achieve ...
Anthony Hopkins

Anthony Hopkins  

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(b. Port Talbot, Wales, 31 Dec. 1937)Actor. He joined the National Theatre in 1966 and made his mark with strong physical performances in roles including Coriolanus (1971) and Macbeth ...
anti-Semitism

anti-Semitism  

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Subject:
Literature
Hostility towards and discrimination against Jewish people (although there are other Semitic peoples, notably the Arabs, anti‐Semitism is only used to refer to prejudice against Jewish people). In ...
appeasement

appeasement  

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A policy of giving in to hostile demands of another nation to avoid war, primarily associated with British and increasingly also with French foreign policy between the two World Wars. From 1933 to ...
Ardennes campaign

Ardennes campaign  

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Overview Page
(also called Battle of the Bulge) (16–26 December 1944) The last serious German counter offensive against Allied armies advancing into Germany in World War II (Normandy Campaign). It resulted from a ...
Armistice Day

Armistice Day  

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The anniversary of the armistice of 11 November 1918, now replaced by Remembrance Sunday in the UK and Veterans Day in the US.
arms control

arms control  

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N. international disarmament or arms limitation, especially by mutual consent.
arms transfer

arms transfer  

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Overview Page
The transfer of weapons, ammunition, and other military goods from one entity to another (usually between governments), either with or without payment or other reimbursement.

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