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historical materialism

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Annales School

Annales School  

[Th]A French school of historical thought, established by Marc Bloch and Lucien Febvre in the late 1920s and developed by Fernand Braudel in the 1950s and 1960s, which focuses on the idea of the ...
base and superstructure

base and superstructure  

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Overview Page
Karl Marx's metaphor for the relationship between material production and economic relations (the base) and the political, legal, and cultural dimensions of society (the superstructure). Marx's key ...
class struggle

class struggle  

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Marx wrote in the Communist Manifesto that ‘the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles’. But the statement needs qualification in its application to societies in ...
cultural materialism

cultural materialism  

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Overview Page
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Literature
[Th]The theory of cultural causation in which technology, economics, and environment are considered the independent variables.
dialectical materialism

dialectical materialism  

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Philosophy
The dominant philosophical strain of Marxism, combining materialism as an embracing philosophy of nature and science, with the Hegelian notion of dialectic as a historical force, driving events ...
Étienne Balibar

Étienne Balibar  

(1942–)French*Marxistphilosopher and social theorist. Born in Bourgogne, Balibar studied at the École Normale Supérieure, where he met Louis Althusser, who became his mentor. Balibar rose to ...
Fernand Braudel

Fernand Braudel  

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(1902–85)Frenchhistorian, best known as a leading light of the Annales School, and from his elevation to the Collège de France in 1949 until his death one of the most influential historians in ...
forces of production

forces of production  

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Marxist political economy makes an analytical distinction between two aspects of economic activity. On the one hand are the ‘social relations’ of production, which relate to the maintenance of social ...
Friedrich Engels

Friedrich Engels  

(1820–95)German socialist and political philosopher, resident chiefly in England from 1842. The founder of modern communism with Karl Marx, he collaborated with him in the writing of the Communist ...
G. A Cohen

G. A Cohen  

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Philosophy
(1941–2009).Canadian political philosopher who specialized in the study of Marxism. He was a leading proponent of ‘analytical Marxism’—the view that the traditional doctrines of Marxism should be ...
interest

interest  

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An indicator of the potential customer's disposition towards the product or service. It is a prerequisite stage prior to eventual purchase. Without interest there is little possibility of advancing ...
Karl Marx

Karl Marx  

(1818–83)German political philosopher and economist, resident in England from 1849. The founder of modern communism, he collaborated with Engels in the writing of the Communist Manifesto (1848). ...
Karl Popper

Karl Popper  

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Philosophy
(1902–94).British (originally Austrian) philosopher, whose considerable reputation rests on his philosophy of science and his political philosophy. In his early work he was associated with the ...
Louis Althusser

Louis Althusser  

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(1918–1990)French Marxist philosopher, whose writings were widely influential in continental philosophy until he was declared insane.Born near Algiers, Althusser studied philosophy at the École ...
Ludwig Feuerbach

Ludwig Feuerbach  

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Philosophy
(1804–72),German philosopher and critic of the Bible, whose most influential work, Das Wesen des Christentums (The Essence of Christianity, 1841), had a great influence on European thought. It was ...
Marxism

Marxism  

The political and economic theories of the German political philosopher and economists Karl Marx (1818–83) and Friedrich Engels (1820–95), later developed by their followers to form the basis for the ...
Marxist philosophy

Marxist philosophy  

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Philosophy
The idea of a Marxist philosophy is, at first sight, paradoxical. Marx himself was originally a student of philosophy but soon came to talk of abolishing philosophy: the coming of ...
materialism

materialism  

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Subject:
Philosophy
In philosophy, the view that the world is entirely composed of matter. Philosophers now tend to prefer the term physicalism, since physics has shown that matter itself resolves into forces and ...
materialism

materialism  

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1. In everyday usage, a value system privileging wealth, possessions and/or bodily pleasures over ethical or philosophical values. This is the antithesis of aestheticism, spirituality, and idealism ...
modernization

modernization  

View of historical progression as a series of stages, reflecting intellectual, technological, economic, and political development. The view is associated with the Marxist doctrine of historical ...

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