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Achilles

Achilles  

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Son of Peleus and Thetis; greatest Greek hero in the Trojan War; central character of Homer's Iliad. He is king of Phthia, or ‘Hellas and Phthia’, in southern Thessaly, and his people are the ...
Aegium

Aegium  

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Achaean port 40 km. (25 mi.) east of Patrae, beneath the modern town of Aigion. It was settled from neolithic times, with particularly extensive activity during the late Helladic and ...
Alcmene

Alcmene  

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In Greek mythology, the mother by Zeus of Hercules.
Antigone

Antigone  

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Daughter of Laomedon, king of Troy. Because she vied in beauty with Hera, the latter turned her hair into snakes. Afterwards Hera, or the other gods, turned her into a ...
Aphrodite

Aphrodite  

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In Greek mythology, the goddess of beauty, fertility, and sexual love. She is variously described as the daughter of Zeus and Dione, or as being born from the sea. Her cult was of Eastern origin, ...
Apollo

Apollo  

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In Greek mythology, a god, son of Zeus and Leto and brother of Artemis. He is associated with music, poetic inspiration, archery, prophecy, medicine, pastoral life, and the sun; the sanctuary at ...
Apples of the Hesperides

Apples of the Hesperides  

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Religion
For the eleventh of his Twelve Labors, Herakles was sent to fetch the golden apples of the Hesperides, which had been a wedding gift to Hera from the Greek earth ...
architecture

architecture  

The term given to an organization's information technology platform, structure and process but increasingly used as a way of explaining complex marketing concepts and functions, for example ‘brand ...
Ares

Ares  

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In Greek mythology, the war god, son of Zeus and Hera; his Roman equivalent is Mars.
Argos

Argos  

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A city in the NE Peloponnese of Greece. One of the oldest cities of ancient Greece, it dominated the Peloponnese and the western Aegean in the 7th century bc. Argive, a citizen of Argos, is used ...
Argos

Argos  

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In mythology: (a: Real-Encyclopädie d. klassischen Altertumswissenschaft 18) son of Zeus and the Argive Niobe (daughter of Phoroneus), eponym of the city of Argos (2) (Apollodorus mythographus 2. 1. ...
Argos, Cults

Argos, Cults  

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The main cult of the polis of Argos (2) was that of Hera (already ‘Argive’ in Homer, Iliad 4. 8=5.908), based c. 10 km. (6 mi.) north-east of the city ...
Athamas

Athamas  

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Mythical king of Orchomenus, husband of Ino and father of Phrixus, Helle, Melicertes, and Learchus. The first two were the children of Nephelē (‘Cloud’), Athamas' first wife; their stepmother Ino ...
Athena

Athena  

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In Iliad 5 Homer describes how Athena took off the finely wrought robe ‘which she herself had made and worked at with her own hands’ and ‘armed herself for grievous war’. This incident encapsulates ...
athletics

athletics  

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GreekAt the core of Greek athletics was an individual's struggle to gain victory over an opponent; hence it included not only (as ‘athletics’ implies nowadays) track and field events but also boxing, ...
Attic cults and myths

Attic cults and myths  

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Most Greek states honoured most Greek gods; the differences between them are of emphasis and degree. As characteristic Athenian emphases one might mention: the extraordinary prominence of Athena, ...
birth

birth  

Syn: parturition. Delivery of an infant capable of independent existence, an event that occurs naturally when the cervix is fully dilated, at which stage the uterine, abdominal, and pelvic muscles ...
Callimachus

Callimachus  

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(c. 430–400 bc).Athenian credited by Vitruvius with the invention of the Corinthian capital. See acanthus.Vitruvius Pollio (1955–6)
Callisto

Callisto  

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Music, Opera
(Cavalli: La Calisto). Sop. A nymph, follower of Diana. Jupiter falls in love with her and in revenge his wife, Juno, turns Callisto into a bear. Unable to break his wife's spell, Jupiter places ...
Ceyx

Ceyx  

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(Κήυξ), son of the Morning Star, king of Trachis, friend of Heracles, and father-in-law of Cycnus (Hesiod Shield 354); but most famous as husband of Alcyone. Their marriage was celebrated ...

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