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Henri II

(1519—1559)

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Albrecht Alcibiades

Albrecht Alcibiades  

(1522–57),Hohenzollern margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach, was born in Ansbach on 28 March 1522, the son of Casimir, prince of Bayreuth, a member of the Franconian branch of the Hohenzollern dynasty. ...
Alessandro de' Medici

Alessandro de' Medici  

(c.1510–1537),Duke of Florence, the illegitimate son of Lorenzo de'Medici (1492–1519), duke of Urbino. In 1523 Alessandro and his cousin Cardinal Ippolito (illegitimate son of Giuliano de'Medici) ...
Alfonso II d' Este

Alfonso II d' Este  

(1533–97),Duke of Ferrara, the elder son of Duke Ercole II d' Este and Renée of France. He lived in France at the court of King Henri II from 1551 ...
André Thevet

André Thevet  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1516?–1592),French traveler and writer. The friar André Thevet won fame as a traveler and gained notoriety as an author of travel accounts. In the 1540s and early 1550s he ...
Antwerp-Louvre school

Antwerp-Louvre school  

Modern name for a group of unidentified workshops that produced embossed parade armours and shields for the court of Henry II in the third quarter of the 16th century. Some ...
battle of Saint-Quentin

battle of Saint-Quentin  

(10 August 1557). In February 1556, in the final years of the Wars of Italy, King Philip II signed the Truce of Vaucelles with Henri II. The following year King ...
Bourbon

Bourbon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The surname of a branch of the royal family of France. The Bourbons ruled France from 1589, when Henry IV succeeded to the throne, until the monarchy was overthrown in 1848, and reached the peak of ...
Catherine de' Medici

Catherine de' Medici  

(1519–89)Queen of France. The wife of Henry II of France, Catherine ruled as regent (1560–74) during the minority reigns of their three sons, Francis II (reigned 1559–60), Charles IX (reigned ...
Chambre Ardente

Chambre Ardente  

A French court of justice convened for the trial of heretics who had been arraigned after examination by the inquisitorial tribunal. The court first sat in 1535, and was abolished in 1682.[...]
Charles IX

Charles IX  

(1550–74),King of France, was the second son of King Henri II and Catherine de Médicis; before his accession he was known as duke of Orléans. In 1560, aged 10 ...
Charles V

Charles V  

(1500–58)Holy Roman Emperor (1519–56) and (as Charles I) King of Spain (1516–56). The son of Philip I (the Handsome) and Joanna of Spain, and grandson of Emperor Maximilian I, Charles came to the ...
Château d' Anet

Château d' Anet  

A Renaissance chateau some 80 kilometres (50 miles) west of Paris. It was built between 1546 and 1552 by Henri II for his mistress Diane de Poitiers. The house and ...
Château de Chenonceaux

Château de Chenonceaux  

The chateau was built by Thomas Bohier between 1513 and 1521. The site is the river Cher, which the chateau spans. After the death of Bohier and his widow the ...
château of Chambord

château of Chambord  

A royal chateau on the left bank of the Cosson, a tributary of the Loire. The chateau was commissioned by Francis I and construction began in 1519 on the site ...
Clement VII

Clement VII  

(1478–1534),Pope from 19 November 1523 until his death on 25 September 1534, was born Giulio de' Medici in Florence on 26 May 1479; he was the illegitimate son of ...
Collège de France

Collège de France  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(formerly Collège Royal).In 1530 Guillaume Budé persuaded François Ier to found a humanist centre of learning in Paris, a ‘collège des trois langues’, first projected in 1517, which would ...
Corsica

Corsica  

The Mediterranean island of Corsica, which lies 12 kilometres (7 miles) north of Sardinia, is now a département of France, but has at various points in its medieval and modern ...
Counter-Reformation

Counter-Reformation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A revival in the Roman Catholic Church between the mid-16th and mid-17th centuries. It had its origins in reform movements which were independent of the Protestant Reformation, but it increasingly ...
Diane de Poitiers

Diane de Poitiers  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
 (1499–1566) French royal mistressduring Henri II’s reign (1547–59), daughter of the comte de Saint-Vallier, himself a bibliophile. Her library remained with the Vendôme family at Anet until it was ...
Don Carlos

Don Carlos  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music, Opera
The deformed son of Philip II of Spain. The marriage of the latter with Elizabeth of France, who had been affianced to Don Carlos, forms the subject of Otway's tragedy Don Carlos and of Verdi's opera.

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