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Martin Heidegger

(1889—1976) German philosopher

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Alienation, Aesthetic

Alienation, Aesthetic  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The thesis of aesthetic alienation is that as a result of art's becoming an autonomous practice, the domain of the aesthetic is separated, alienated, from its own cognitive and normative ...
Auf eine Lampe

Auf eine Lampe  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A poem in ten lines of antique trimeters, written by E. Mörike in 1846. It affirms the intrinsic value of a work of art. Its last line, ‘Was aber schön ...
authenticity

authenticity  

The condition of significant, emotionally appropriate living. Contrasted, especially in Heidegger, with inauthenticity: a state in which life, stripped of purpose and responsibility, is ...
being

being  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Everything real and nothing unreal belongs to the domain of Being. But there is little useful that can be said about everything that is real, especially from within the philosopher's study, so it is ...
being in-itself/for-itself

being in-itself/for-itself  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
A contrast heralded in the phenomenology of Husserl and Heidegger, and central to Sartre's work Being and Nothingness. Being for-itself (pour-soi) is the mode of existence of consciousness, ...
continental philosophy

continental philosophy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Inaccurate term used, often polemically, to refer to the writings of philosophers influenced by European political philosophers such as Hegel, Marx, or Heidegger, by phenomenology and existentialist ...
Dasein

Dasein  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(German, existence, being there)Being in the world, characterized by Heidegger in terms of affective relationships with surrounding people and objects. This primary mode of being is falsely split, in ...
deconstruction

deconstruction  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
An approach to the reading of literary and philosophical texts that casts doubt upon the possibility of finding in them a definitive meaning, and traces instead the multiplication (or ...
demythologizing

demythologizing  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A term used from 1941 by R. Bultmann for his proposal to interpret the NT critically in order to express the theological meaning of its mythological language. He claimed that the biblical ...
Edmund Husserl

Edmund Husserl  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1859–1938)German philosopher, logician, and founder of the modern school of phenomenology.Born at Prossnitz (now Prostějov, in the Czech Republic), Husserl studied at the universities of Leipzig and ...
Émile Benveniste

Émile Benveniste  

(1902–76)Frenchlinguist, generally regarded as one of the main precursors to structuralism. Born in Aleppo in Northern Syria, then a French Mandate, Benveniste's family, who were Sephardic Jews, sent ...
Emmanuel Levinas

Emmanuel Levinas  

(1906–95)French moral and religious philosopher. Influenced by both Talmudic scholarship and phenomenology, Levinas insists that philosophy should privilege ethics over ontology; or, as he puts it, ...
Erhart Kästner

Erhart Kästner  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(Augsburg, 1904–74, Staufen, Breisgau),a librarian in Dresden from 1927 to 1936, was secretary to G. Hauptmann 1936–8. During the 1939–45 War he was in the army, serving in Greece ...
existential sociology

existential sociology  

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Overview Page
A mainly American (especially West Coast) school of sociology, which has emerged as a rejection of most orthodox scientific versions of sociology, claiming as its roots the European existential ...
existentialism

existentialism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A philosophical theory or approach which emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free and responsible agent determining their own development through acts of the will.
Friedrich Nietzsche

Friedrich Nietzsche  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(b Röcken, 15 Oct. 1844; d Weimar, 25 Aug. 1900).German philosopher. His influence on 19th- and 20th-century thought has been profound. He first met Wagner in 1868 and under ...
German Aesthetics

German Aesthetics  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The main theorists or artists in the history of aesthetics in the German-speaking world from the eighteenth century to the present are discussed in individual entries. See Adorno; Auerbach; ...
Gianni Vattimo

Gianni Vattimo  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1936– )Italian follower of Gadamer and Heidegger. Vattimo studied at Turin and Heidelberg, and taught aesthetics at the university of Turin, also pursuing a career as an administrator and ...
Gilbert Ryle

Gilbert Ryle  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1900–1976)British philosopher, a leading figure in contemporary Oxford linguistic philosophy.Born in Brighton, the son of a doctor, Ryle was educated at Queen's College, Oxford. Apart from the war ...
Giorgio Agamben

Giorgio Agamben  

(1942–)Italianphilosopher best known for his concept of homo sacer. Agamben studied at the University of Rome, completing a doctorate on the political thought of Simone Weil. In 1966 and 1968 he ...

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