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hearth tax

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British Record Society

British Record Society  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
Founded in 1888 as the Index Society, it publishes indexes of historical records, such as Chancery proceedings, inquisitions post mortem, wills, and marriage licences.
chimney

chimney  

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Overview Page
1 Fireplace or hearth.2 Fireplace with flue and vent over it, so including the structure rising above a roof or outside the building. A chimney-stack could be a large structure surrounded by a ...
Christian names

Christian names  

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Overview Page
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History
The personal names that had been used by people of Anglo‐Saxon and Scandinavian descent mostly fell out of fashion after the Norman Conquest, though some remained in use long enough to be used as ...
Compton ecclesiastical census

Compton ecclesiastical census  

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Overview Page
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History
An ecclesiastical census, taken in 1676 for the Provinces of Canterbury and York. The returns have been published as Anne Whiteman (ed.), The Compton Census of 1676: A Critical Edition ...
constable

constable  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
One of the great medieval offices of state, derived from comes stabuli, count of the stables. The first lord high constable was a supporter of the Empress Matilda, who made him earl of Hereford. It ...
deserted villages

deserted villages  

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Overview Page
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History
A derelict village site. Most English deserted villages were abandoned in the late Middle Ages, and traces—building lines, lumps of masonry, clumps of nettles, and isolated churches—may still be seen ...
Fiscal System

Fiscal System  

Continuing the Roman practice, the state maintained a budget based mainly on agricultural revenues. Indirect taxation, esp. from customs (the octava, then the kommerkion), always burdened the ...
household

household  

A collective term for all the person(s) who occupy a dwelling, usually collaborate in running it, most frequently, although not necessarily, a family unit.
hundred

hundred  

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History
[Ge]An administrative division of a shire and the forerunner of the modern district in England. Particularly important in Saxon times but gradually declined as other forms of administration ...
inventories, probate

inventories, probate  

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Subject:
History
From the early 16th century to the mid-18th century (and in some districts until much later) it was the custom of the ecclesiastical courts that proved wills in England and ...
Kapnikon

Kapnikon  

(καπνικόν, from kapnos, “smoke”; in Malal. 246.18, “smoke-hole, hearth”); a tax that was identified by some scholars (e.g., Dölger, Beiträge 51) as late Roman capitatio; this identification, however, ...
parsonage

parsonage  

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History
1 Benefice or living of a clergyman.2 Rectory.3 Vicarage, or house of an incumbent of a parish.
poll tax

poll tax  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
A tax levied on every poll (or head) of the population. Poll taxes were granted by the English House of Commons in 1377, 1379, and 1380. The third of these poll taxes, for one shilling from every man ...
Protestation returns

Protestation returns  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
In 1642 Parliament ordered all males in England and Wales over the age of 18 to take an oath ‘to live and die for the true Protestant religion, the liberties ...
Secondary Taxes

Secondary Taxes  

In the Byz. fiscal system, a considerable part was played by various secondary taxes and obligations, theoretically required for a limited time and in order to meet a specific need. ...
telephone directories

telephone directories  

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Overview Page
Are a prime source for establishing the modern distribution patterns of surnames. The United Kingdom is divided into 103 districts. The whole series from 1879 is available for consultation at ...
urban housing

urban housing  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
The earliest surviving town houses are the 12th‐century stone buildings, notably two on Steep Hill, Lincoln, which had living accommodation on the first floor, with space at street level for a shop, ...
window tax

window tax  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
An English tax on any window or window‐like opening, which was in force from 1695 to 1851. It was originally imposed to pay for the losses of the great recoinage of 1695 and was increased six times ...

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