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absolute poverty

absolute poverty  

An extreme state of poverty, in which the standard of living is below the minimum that is needed for the maintenance of life and health. Contrast relative poverty.
Climate Impacts

Climate Impacts  

The accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere due to fossil fuel combustion, land use change, and other anthropogenic activities may have begun to change the global climate system (Houghton ...
cult

cult  

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[De]A fragmentary religious grouping, to which individuals are loosely affiliated, but which lacks any permanent structure.
disease

disease  

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History
Any illness or abnormal condition of the body with a specific cause (which may or may not be known), excluding physical trauma, that has recognizable signs and symptoms.
exercise adherence

exercise adherence  

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Maintenance of an active involvement in physical exercise. Those with strong exercise adherence continue participating in physical activity despite opportunities and pressures to withdraw.
Faye Wattleton

Faye Wattleton  

(b. 8 July 1943), nurse and women’s rights advocate.Building on her professional experiences in nursing and midwifery, Faye Wattleton became the first woman to lead Planned Parenthood Federation of ...
human capital

human capital  

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The present discounted value of the additional productivity, over and above the product of unskilled labour, of people with skills and qualifications. Human capital may be acquired through explicit ...
humours

humours  

In medieval science and medicine, the four chief fluids of the body, blood, phlegm, yellow bile (choler), and black bile (melancholy), that were thought to determine a person's physical and mental ...
industrialization

industrialization  

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History
The process of change from a basic agrarian economy to an industrialized one. It was first experienced by Britain in the Industrial Revolution and at much the same time in the New England states of ...
Islamic medicine

Islamic medicine  

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Medicine played a prominent role in science and culture in the pre-modern Middle East. It arose as a formal discipline in the wake of an ambitious movement, in the ninth ...
John Howard Lidgett Cumpston

John Howard Lidgett Cumpston  

(1880–1954)was the foundation director-general of the Commonwealth Department of Health. Born in Melbourne, Cumpston graduated in medicine from the University of Melbourne. He entered public health ...
lindane

lindane  

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An organochlorine pesticide that is slowly biodegradable, can be distributed through domestic water supplies, damages human health, and is toxic to freshwater fish and aquatic life.
medicine

medicine  

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n. 1. the science or practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. 2. the science or practice of nonsurgical methods of treating disease. 3. any drug or preparation used for the ...
National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants

National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants  

(NESHAPS)The US emissions standard, defined by the Environmental Protection Agency, for an air pollutant that is not covered by NAAQS but may cause an increase in fatalities or in serious, ...
Nuclear Hazards

Nuclear Hazards  

There is no doubt that all things nuclear are hazardous and dangerous, albeit to varying degrees. However, the mere existence of nuclear hazards does not mean that there are measurable ...
Nuclear Industry

Nuclear Industry  

The nuclear industry exploits the nuclear fuel cycle (Figure 1) in two major ways: through the manufacture of nuclear weapons, and through the production of electricity.Historically, weapons ...
nursing

nursing  

Did not develop as an organized profession until the mid-19th cent., despite the establishment of voluntary hospitals in the 18th. Until then, caring for the sick had been undertaken mainly ...
ozone

ozone  

Triatomic oxygen, a very reactive, irritant gas, mainly formed in the atmosphere by various photochemical reactions. Its concentration is measured in Dobson units. It is found primarily at three ...
ozone hole

ozone hole  

General name for a sharp seasonal decrease in the concentration of ozone in the stratosphere that occurs over Antarctica in the spring, was first detected during the 1970s, and is growing larger (a ...
physiology

physiology  

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The branch of biology concerned with the vital functions of plants and animals, such as nutrition, respiration, reproduction, and excretion.

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