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Nicholas Hawksmoor

(c. 1661—1736) architect

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baroque

baroque  

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The ornate style of art and architecture which flourished in Italy in the 17th and early 18th cents., and spread throughout mainland Europe, especially in France and Spain.
Blenheim palace

Blenheim palace  

(Oxon.). Home of the dukes of Marlborough and birthplace of Sir Winston Churchill. Situated in Woodstock, Blenheim palace was given to John Churchill, 1st duke of Marlborough, in gratitude for his ...
Castle Howard

Castle Howard  

Near York, Yorkshire, England, stands in grounds of 1,240 hectares/3,062 acres part of which constitutes one of the largest designed landscapes in the British Isles. The house was designed by ...
Charles Robert Cockerell

Charles Robert Cockerell  

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(1788–1863).One of the most gifted and scholarly architects working in England within the Classical tradition in C19, his work was at once bold yet fastidious, thoroughly based on archaeologically ...
Commissioners' churches

Commissioners' churches  

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Following the Napoleonic Wars, it was feared that England might suffer upheavals similar to those of France, and, faced with irreligion, Nonconformity, and an increasing population (much of it ...
country houses

country houses  

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The country house was the focal point and symbol of the ascendancy of the gentry in the period between the Glorious Revolution and the First World War. It no longer had military significance. It was ...
Doric

Doric  

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Relating to or denoting a classical order of architecture characterized by a plain, sturdy column and a thick square abacus resting on a rounded moulding.
gate lodges

gate lodges  

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Buildings to house a gate-keeper at the entrance to a country house. Although found elsewhere in Europe, the lodge is essentially a British building type, both in quantity and quality.[...]
George Browne

George Browne  

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(1811–85).Belfast-born architect who worked in Canada from 1830. His best-known works are the Church of St George, Kingston, Ontario (1859), a variant on Gibbs's St Martin-in-the-Fields, and the City ...
Georgian

Georgian  

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[CP]In England the Georgian period is approximately 1714–1810. Architectural styles of the period were derived from classical and Renaissance Italian architecture.
Gothic Revival

Gothic Revival  

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A revival of the Gothic style of architecture which began in the late 18th cent. with a new romantic interest in the medieval, and produced Walpole's Strawberry Hill and Beckford's Fonthill. This was ...
Henry Aldrich

Henry Aldrich  

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 (1648–1710) Dean of Christ Church, Oxford, and one-time Vice-Chancellor of the University.A man of wide learning and attainment, he was a skilled draughtsman, and devotee of Palladio. He was ...
Hugh May

Hugh May  

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 (1621–84) English architect.Thanks to his royal connections, May entered the Office of Works (1660) and worked on restoring palaces, particularly Windsor Castle, after the Restoration. He designed ...
James Gibbs

James Gibbs  

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(1682–1754).A Scots RC, he turned to architecture in 1704 while training for the priesthood in Rome, and became a pupil of Carlo Fontana. He returned to Britain in 1709, having acquired a thorough ...
Jan Blažej Santini-Aichel

Jan Blažej Santini-Aichel  

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(1677–1723).Born in Prague, he was one of the most original and inventive architects of C18 Bohemia. He mingled Baroque and Gothic styles, as at the Church of the Assumption at Sedlec (1701–6), the ...
John James

John James  

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 (c.1673–1746) English architect.He became a master carpenter and from 1701 designed a number of houses. As Hawksmoor’s associate, he worked at Greenwich (1705–46), and on four churches built under ...
John Vanbrugh

John Vanbrugh  

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 (1664–1726) English playwright and architect.After a varied career, eventually as a renowned playwright (The Relapse 1696; The Provok’d Wife 1697), Vanbrugh’s ambitions took a sudden and unexplained ...
Kerry John Downes

Kerry John Downes  

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(1930– ).English architectural historian. Specializing in English Baroque architecture, he made a significant contribution with his works on Hawksmoor, Vanbrugh, and Wren. He has also written ...
London parks and gardens

London parks and gardens  

From its Roman and Saxon foundations on the banks of the Thames, London gradually expanded. By the late 14th century (as shown by a poll tax return) it had a ...
mausoleum

mausoleum  

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(pl. mausolea).Any roofed building used as a tomb, detached or joined to another building (e.g. a church), containing coffins, sarcophagi, or urns, often on shelves. The term originated with the C4 ...

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