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Harlem Renaissance

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Aaron Douglas

Aaron Douglas  

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Overview Page
(1899–1979).Painter. A leader of the Harlem Renaissance, he led the way for African-American artists to employ explicitly black themes, fostering a resurgence of racial pride in black art. Born in ...
Activism

Activism  

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Overview Page
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Literature
In the literature of American women writers can be discussed on many levels. A literary text can accomplish the work of raising political consciousness and inspiring political action, thereby having ...
Actors and Actresses

Actors and Actresses  

Latinos and Latinas have been a part of the Hollywood film industry since Cecil B. DeMille brought his Lasky Players to the Golden State in 1913. Los Angeles had a ...
African American art

African American art  

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Overview Page
Term designating art made by Americans of African descent. Compounding the record of neglect that has marked other aspects of American history, the work of black artists has often been excluded from ...
African American literature

African American literature  

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Overview Page
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Literature
The body of writing or performed art produced by African slaves and their descendants in America. One of its earliest forms was the slave narrative where the author describes the ...
African Americans

African Americans  

A citizen or resident of the United States whose ancestry can be traced to Africa. A term intended to avoid the pejorative associations of words such as “negro” and “black.” An estimated 10 to 12 ...
African Diaspora

African Diaspora  

[This entry contains two subentries dealing with the African diaspora, from the origins of slave trade through nineteenth-century America. The first article focuses on the evolution and criticism of ...
African-American photography to c. 1960

African-American photography to c. 1960  

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Early African‐American photographers were quite numerous. Jules Lion (1810–66), a black French émigré artist, began making daguerreotype portraits in New Orleans in 1840. Before emigrating to Liberia ...
Alain Locke

Alain Locke  

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Philosophy
(1886–1954).Philosopher, writer, and principal theorist of the Harlem Renaissance. Born in Philadelphia, Alain LeRoy Locke graduated magna cum laude from Harvard in 1907. That year, he was the first ...
A'Lelia Walker

A'Lelia Walker  

(b. 6 June 1885; d. 15 August 1931), entrepreneur.A’Lelia Walker, heiress to the hair care empire created by her mother Madam C. J. Walker, is best remembered as the ...
Alice Dunbar-Nelson

Alice Dunbar-Nelson  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1875–1935),African-American writer, born in New Orleans, educated at Straight University (now Dillard University). Dunbar-Nelson pursued many different careers in addition to her writing. She served ...
American Negro Academy

American Negro Academy  

The American Negro Academy (ANA), the first major learned society of African Americans, was founded on 5 March 1897 in Washington, D.C. The ANA's constitution described the ANA as “an ...
Angelina Weld Grimké

Angelina Weld Grimké  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1880–1958), poet, playwright, essayist, and short fiction writer of the Harlem Renaissance.Although Angelina Weld Grimké's writings appeared in many leading publications of the Harlem Renaissance, ...
Ann Allen Shockley

Ann Allen Shockley  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(b. 1927), librarian, newspaper columnist, teacher, lecturer, compiler, essayist, and fiction writer.A multitalented professional, Ann Allen Shockley has contributed to various fields, yet her ...
Anne Spencer

Anne Spencer  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1882–1975), poet, librarian, community activist,and muse and confidante to Harlem Renaissance intellectuals and literati. Anne Spencer was born inauspiciously on a Virginia plantation. Yet the ...
Apollo Theatre

Apollo Theatre  

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A monument to black entertainment in the twentieth century, the Apollo in New York was built in 1913 when Harlem was a white immigrant neighbourhood. Reflecting changes in demographics, the ...
Archibald J. Motley, Jr.

Archibald J. Motley, Jr.  

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(1891–1981).Painter. He numbered among the first African-Americans to portray blacks as sophisticated, fashionable, and confident urbanites who energetically partake of the city's pleasures. Although ...
Armenian MS book

Armenian MS book  

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Overview Page
Armenia accepted Christianity as its state religion around 314, but Greek and Syriac were used as the languages of instruction and the liturgy until Mesrop Mashtots’ invented the Armenian alphabet ...
Arthur Schomburg

Arthur Schomburg  

 (1874–1938) Harlem Renaissance intellectual and book collector.Born in Puerto Rico, Schomburg came to New York (1891) and cultivated his collection of books, MSS, and art about the African diaspora. ...
assimilation

assimilation  

[Ge]The absorption of a minority group into a majority population, during which the group takes on the values and norms of the dominant culture.

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