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Keir Hardie

(1856—1915) founder of the Labour Party

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Anti-Imperialist Ideas and Peace

Anti-Imperialist Ideas and Peace  

Impe-rialism has alternately been praised for establishing peace and denounced as the inspiration of war, at least since the British military leader Celiacus exhorted an army preparing to clash with ...
Cat and Mouse Act

Cat and Mouse Act  

1913.Exasperated by the tactics of militant suffragettes in going on hunger strike, Asquith's government passed the Prisoners' Temporary Discharge for Ill‐Health Act, known commonly as the Cat and ...
Independent Labour Party

Independent Labour Party  

(ILP).The party was established in 1893 at a conference in Bradford, composed of 120 delegates largely drawn from the industrial north and Scotland and chaired by Keir Hardie. Chronic lack of union ...
J. B. Priestley

J. B. Priestley  

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Literature
(1894–1984)British novelist, critic, playwright, and broadcaster. He was appointed to the OM in 1977.Priestley was born and educated in Bradford, where his father was a schoolmaster. Throughout World ...
John Burns

John Burns  

(1858–1943).Trade union organizer and exponent of ‘Lib‐Labism’. Burns was born in London. Despite little education he became an engineer, and involved himself in the Amalgamated Society of Engineers. ...
Labour Party

Labour Party  

Labour has been the principal progressive alternative to the Conservative Party since the 1920s, forming governments in 1924, 1929–31, 1945–51, 1964–70, 1974–9, and 1997. The Labour Representation ...
Pacifism in World War I

Pacifism in World War I  

The mythical images of August 1914 leave little room for pacifists: a major peace leader Jean Jaures had been killed; German socialists had voted for war credits. Among cheering crowds ...
Ramsay MacDonald

Ramsay MacDonald  

(1866–1937)British statesman and the first Labour prime minister (1924; 1929–31; 1931–35).MacDonald was born in Scotland, the illegitimate son of a maidservant, and became a journalist. He joined the ...
Socialist Internationalism and Peace Movements

Socialist Internationalism and Peace Movements  

Socialist ideas on the reform of political and economic organization in society were emerging in the same decades at the start of the nineteenth century as the first peace organizations ...

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