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Action Painting

Action Painting  

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Overview Page
A technique of painting in which paint is dribbled, splashed, and poured over the canvas. Its most famous exponent was the American painter Jackson Pollock (1912–56). The term was first used in 1952 ...
Aktion

Aktion  

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A word, meaning ‘activity’ or ‘process’, used in German-speaking countries in the context of modern art to refer to works that in Britain and the USA would generally be described as Happenings or ...
Al Hansen

Al Hansen  

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(b New York, 5 Oct 1927; d Cologne, 22 June 1995),composer and collagist. Hansen was a New York-based artist and a key figure in the founding of Happenings. He ...
Allan Kaprow

Allan Kaprow  

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(b Atlantic City, NJ, 23 Aug. 1927; d Encinitas, California, 5 Apr. 2006).American artist and art theorist, best known as the main creator of happenings. His studies included a period with the ...
alternative theatre

alternative theatre  

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A phrase often used to embrace the successive waves of unconventional theatre and performance groups that formed almost everywhere in the second half of the twentieth century, especially following ...
Arte Povera

Arte Povera  

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An artistic movement that originated in Italy in the 1960s, combining aspects of conceptual, minimalist, and performance art, and making use of worthless or common materials such as earth or ...
Beat Movement

Beat Movement  

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Literature
A bohemian rebellion against established society which came to prominence about 1956 and had its centers in San Francisco and New York. The term “Beat” expressed both exhaustion and beatification in ...
Black Mountain College

Black Mountain College  

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Literature
American art educational establishment at Black Mountain, North Carolina, founded by a group of progressive academics in 1933 and closed after long-standing financial problems in 1957. It was run by ...
César

César  

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(b Marseilles, 1 Jan. 1921; d Paris, 6 Jan. 1998).French sculptor and experimental artist. His work was highly varied, but he became best known for his ingenious use of scrap material. In the ...
Claes Oldenburg

Claes Oldenburg  

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(b Stockholm, 28 Jan. 1929).Swedish-born sculptor and graphic artist who became an American citizen in 1953. He was educated at Yale University and studied at the Art Institute of Chicago (earning ...
community theatre

community theatre  

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Form of play-making which involves a mainly non-theatrical community in the production of a script usually based on a subject of local interest. It first appeared in England in the ...
Dorothea Rockburne

Dorothea Rockburne  

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(1934– ).Painter, printmaker, and installation artist. Known particularly for conceptually based, often spatially complex, geometric compositions from the 1970s and 1980s, she employed mathematical ...
Earth art

Earth art  

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A broad-based, international movement of the 1960s and 1970s, embracing artists such as Alan Sonfist, Nancy Holt, and Richard Long, which rejected the commercialization of art and supported the ...
Environment art

Environment art  

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A type of art, which began to establish itself in the 1960s, in which the artist creates a three-dimensional space to enclose the spectator and involve him in a whole range of sensory ...
environmental theatre

environmental theatre  

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A term coined by Schechner in 1968 to refer to the non-frontal, spectator-incorporative theatre he was then creating with the Performance Group. The concept can be traced to the processional ...
Erik Satie

Erik Satie  

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Subject:
Music
(b Honfleur, 1866; d Paris, 1925).Fr. composer and pianist, son of Fr. father and Scottish mother. Moved to Paris 1878. Worked as pianist in 1888 at Montmartre cabaret. In same year wrote his ...
Erró

Erró  

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(1932– )Icelandic painter, active mainly in Paris, which has been the principal centre of his activity since 1958. He is a leading exponent of Pop art, his most characteristic works being large ...
experimental theatre

experimental theatre  

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A loose term, often meaning avant-garde, that has been widely used since the middle of the twentieth century and has gone by many other names: -event- or happening in the ...
Experiments in Art and Technology

Experiments in Art and Technology  

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(EAT)Organization for the collaboration of artists and engineers. Experiments in Art and Technology (EAT) was founded in 1966 by Robert Rauschenberg, Billy Klüver, Robert Whitman (b1935) and Fred ...
Fluxus

Fluxus  

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A loosely organized international group of avant-garde artists set up in Germany in 1962 and flourishing until the early 1970s. There was no common stylistic identity among the members, but they ...

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