Update

You are looking at 1-20 of 30 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

Al-Dajjāl

Al-Dajjāl  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Arab.).The perjurer or false accuser, a figure in Islamic eschatology, the ‘anti-Christ’ whose wiles and deceptions ‘cover’ (a root meaning) and resist the truth. He is not mentioned in ...
Arafat

Arafat  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Mountain located outside of Mecca, on whose plain pilgrims gather on the ninth day of Dhu al-Hijjah. There they pray continously from just after noon until shortly after sunset. Many believe that ...
Black Stone

Black Stone  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A stone said to be of meteoric origin, variously thought to be of lava or basalt, and reddish-black in colour, some 12 inches in diameter, embedded in the eastern corner ...
caliph

caliph  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The chief Muslim civil and religious ruler, regarded as the successor of Muhammad. The caliph ruled in Baghdad until 1258 and then in Egypt until the Ottoman conquest of 1517; the title was then held ...
Circumambulation

Circumambulation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The movement around a holy object, or of a holy object. The completion of a circle of protection, or of community, creates an integrity which is otherwise hard to find ...
Dhūʾl-Ḥijja

Dhūʾl-Ḥijja  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Islamic month of pilgrimage (ḥajj). It is the last month of the Muslim calendar.
Dietary Rules

Dietary Rules  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Quran and hadith expressly forbid Muslims from consuming carrion, spurting blood, pork, and food that is consecrated to any being other than God. Date wine was repudiated gradually; the strongest ...
Five Pillars of Islam

Five Pillars of Islam  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(more literally, Pillars of the Faith, Arab., arkān ud-Din).These are the fundamental constituents of Muslim life. They are (i) ash-Shahāda, the witness;(ii) ṣalāt, formal prayer;(iii) zakāt, tithe ...
Id

Id  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Feast or festival. Refers to religious holidays, most typically Id al-Adha and Id al-Fitr, two canonical festivals of the Muslim calendar. Ids are typically characterized by special prayers and ...
ʿId al-Aḍḥā

ʿId al-Aḍḥā  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Feast of the Sacrifice. Also known as Greater Bayram. Celebrated at the end of the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, on the tenth day of Dhu al-Hijjah, the month of pilgrimage. Unblemished animals are ...
Ihram

Ihram  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Arab., ‘making forbidden or sacred’).In Islam, the state of ritual purity necessary for carrying out the rites of ḥajj and ʿumra (greater and lesser pilgrimage).
Ishmael

Ishmael  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In the Hebrew Bible, the Torah, Ishmael was the son of Abraham and the slave woman Hagar. He plays a significant role in Islamic mythology as Ismail.
Islam

Islam  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The religion of the Muslims, a monotheistic faith regarded as revealed through Muhammad as the Prophet of Allah.Founded in the Arabian peninsula in the 7th century ad, Islam is now the professed ...
Islamic Calendar

Islamic Calendar  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Also known as hijrah calendar. Lunar calendar consisting of twelve months, each of which lasts from the first sighting of one crescent moon to the first sighting of the next, approximately ...
Jiddah

Jiddah  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Jiddah (also spelled Jeddah, Jedda, Judda, or Juddah) is a port city located on the Red Sea (21.50° N 39.16° E). Founded as a fishing village over 2,500 years ago ...
Ka'bah

Ka'bah  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Arab., ‘cube’).The building, deeply revered by Muslims, in the centre of the great mosque at Mecca, in the eastern corner of which, about 5 feet from the ground, is ...
Malcolm X

Malcolm X  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1925–65)US political activist. He joined the Black Muslims (Nation of Islam) in 1946 and during the 1950s and early 1960s became a vigorous campaigner against the exploitation of blacks. He ...
Mecca

Mecca  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Birthplace of Muhammad, Islam’s holiest city; prosperous because of its strategic position on caravan trade routes and pilgrimage to the Kaaba, an ancient shrine, the custodians of which were ...
Mourides

Mourides  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Arab., murīd, ‘aspirant’ or ‘disciple’).An innovative Muslim brotherhood in Senegal. It derives from Amadu Bamba (c.1850–1927), a saintly, scholarly marabout within the Sūfī and Qadariy(y)a ...
Muzdalifa

Muzdalifa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Narrow mountain pass just outside of Mecca where pilgrims on the hajj spend the night praying and resting in the open under the desert sky, without accommodations or facilities. One of the most ...

View: