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habeas corpus

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Ableman v. Booth; United States v. Booth

Ableman v. Booth; United States v. Booth  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
21 How. (62 U.S.) 506 (1859), argued 19 Jan. 1859, decided 7 Mar. 1859 by vote of 9 to 0; Taney for the Court. In the spring of 1854, Benjamin S. Garland, a slaveowner from Missouri, went to ...
Algernon Sidney

Algernon Sidney  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1622–83),the grandnephew of Sir P. Sidney, took up arms against Charles I and was wounded at Marston Moor. He was employed on government service until the Restoration, but his firm republicanism ...
Appeals System

Appeals System  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Appellate jurisdiction in the criminal courts is determined by the nature of the offence. In the case of a summary offence, appeals by the defendant against conviction and/or sentence in the ...
Argersinger v. Hamlin

Argersinger v. Hamlin  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
407 U.S. 25 (1972), argued 6 Dec. 1971, reargued 28 Feb. 1972, decided 12 June 1972 by vote of 9 to 0; Douglas for the Court; Brennan, Stewart, Burger, Powell, and Rehnquist concurring.Argersinger ...
Betts v. Brady

Betts v. Brady  

Reference type:
Overview Page
• 316 U.S. 455 (1942)• Vote: 6–3• For the Court: Roberts• Dissenting: Black, Douglas, and Murphy• 316 U.S. 455 (1942)• Vote: 6–3• For the Court: Roberts• Dissenting: Black, Douglas, and Murphy[...]
Bill of Rights

Bill of Rights  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(1791)The first ten amendments to the Constitution of the USA. The constitutional arrangements of 1787 were assumed to guarantee human and civil rights, but omission of specific rights led to ...
Business of the Court

Business of the Court  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The business of the Supreme Court has changed substantially over its history, both causing and reflecting broad socioeconomic and political changes. Major shifts in the amount and nature of the ...
Charles Stone

Charles Stone  

(1824–1887),former U.S. Civil War officer in the service of the khedive of Egypt. Charles Stone, a former Union general in the American Civil War, served as chief of staff ...
Chinese Exclusion Cases

Chinese Exclusion Cases  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
A series of disputes settled by the Supreme Court during the 1880s and 1890s: Chew Heong v. United States, 112 U.S. 536 (1884), argued 30 Oct. 1884, decided 8 Dec. 1884 by vote of 7 to 2, Harlan for ...
civil liberties

civil liberties  

One of the fundamental principles of open, free societies, written into constitutions of many nations, civil liberty is the right of citizens to go about their lawful business without intrusive ...
Coercion Acts

Coercion Acts  

General term for a series of measures commencing with the Suppression of Disturbances Act (1833). Like the earlier Insurrection Act, this empowered the lord lieutenant to proclaim a district as ...
coercion bills

coercion bills  

Under various names, were a sombre obbligato to Anglo-Irish relations throughout much of the 19th cent. Sometimes produced by threat of revolution or actual insurrection, or by widespread agrarian ...
common law

common law  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
1 The part of English law based on rules developed by the royal courts during the first three centuries after the Norman Conquest (1066) as a system applicable to the whole country, as opposed to ...
Counselman v. Hitchcock

Counselman v. Hitchcock  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
142 U.S. 547 (1892), argued 9–10 Dec. 1891, decided 11 Jan. 1892 by vote of 9 to 0; Blatchford for the Court. In Counselman, the Court considered the constitutionality of a federal statute granting a ...
Courts, United States

Courts, United States  

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Overview Page
Federal CourtsState and Local CourtsJuvenile CourtsFederal CourtsState and Local CourtsJuvenile CourtsThe United States is under a system of governance founded as a federalist system. We have ...
Crow Dog, Ex Parte

Crow Dog, Ex Parte  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
109 U.S. 557 (1883), argued 20 Nov. 1883, decided 17 Dec. 1883 by vote of 9 to 0; Matthews for the court. Crow Dog, a Brule Sioux, was tried, convicted, and sentenced to death for the murder of ...
Dáil courts

Dáil courts  

(1919–22),set up by the first and second Dála to replace the courts of the British administration in Ireland. In 1919 the Dáil established arbitration courts, a Supreme Court, district ...
David Dudley Field

David Dudley Field  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
1805–1894.American lawyer, known as ‘the Father of U.S. legal reform’: Spragne, Speeches of David Dudley Field (3 vols., 1884–1890). Major international law works include Amelioration of the Laws of ...
Debs, In Re

Debs, In Re  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
158 U.S. 564 (1895), argued 25–26 Mar. 1895, decided 27 May 1895 by vote of 9 to 0; Brewer for the Court. By refusing to grant a writ of habeas corpus to Eugene Debs, president of the American ...
detention

detention  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.Depriving a person of his liberty against his will following arrest. The Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 closely regulates police powers of detention and detained persons' rights. In general, ...

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