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Johann Gutenberg

(c. 1400—1468) German printer

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Arnold Pannartz

Arnold Pannartz  

(fl.1463–77),German printers. They were apprenticed in Mainz, possibly in Gutenberg's workshop, and in 1463 moved to Italy, where they established the first printing press outside Germany in the ...
Berthold Ruppel

Berthold Ruppel  

(d. 1495),German printer. He was trained in Gutenberg's workshop in Mainz and in 1464 established the first printing workshop in Basel. One of his most popular publications was an edition of Gregory ...
Bible

Bible  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Christian scriptures, consisting of the Old and New Testaments; the Jewish scriptures, consisting of the Torah or Law, the Prophets, and the Hagiographa or Writings.The Bible is traditionally ...
block book

block book  

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A fairly short-lived phenomenon, blockbooks were mainly produced in the Netherlands and Germany in the 1460s, some time after the invention of movable type, with which they attempted to compete. ...
book

book  

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A book is the emblem of St Anne, St Augustine, St Bernard, and other saints.Recorded from Old English (in form bōc, originally meaning also ‘a document or charter’), the word is of Germanic origin, ...
broadside

broadside  

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A sheet of paper printed on one side only, forming one large page; a term generally used of ballads, etc., so printed.
Circulation of the Bible.

Circulation of the Bible.  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
By the end of 1992, translations of the entire Bible had been published in 329 languages, the New Testament in 770 additional languages, and individual books of the Bible in ...
Coster (Koster), Laurens Janszoon

Coster (Koster), Laurens Janszoon  

(legendary figure) Dutch printer supposed to have invented a printing technique in Haarlem in 1428, before Gutenberg. First mentioned by Hadrianus Junius in 1570, this remained a popular belief in ...
Coster, Laurens Janszoon

Coster, Laurens Janszoon  

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Legendary inventor of the art of printing at Haarlem in about 1440. The story goes that walking through the local wood, he cut some letters from the bark of a ...
Des Minnesangs Frühling

Des Minnesangs Frühling  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A collection of Minnelieder up to and including those of Reinmar der Alte, but excluding those of Walther von der Vogelweide and later poets. There are some anonymous poems; the ...
Erhard Ratdolt

Erhard Ratdolt  

 (1447–c.1528) Printer in Venice and Augsburg.Ratdolt’s Venetian press (1476–86) developed numerous typographical innovations (Renaissance initials and borders, printing in multiple colours), and ...
Illustrated Bibles.

Illustrated Bibles.  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The subject of illustrations to the Bible includes not only two‐dimensional designs, such as paintings, drawings, engravings, photographs, stained‐glass windows, and mosaics, but three‐dimensional ...
indulgence

indulgence  

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History
In the Roman Catholic Church, a grant by the Pope of remission of the temporal punishment in purgatory still due for sins after absolution. The unrestricted sale of indulgences by pardoners was a ...
Johann Fust

Johann Fust  

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(d. 1467),German goldsmith. He financed Gutenberg's experiments in printing, but their partnership was dissolved probably in 1455 and Fust carried on with his son‐in‐law Peter Schöffer. Their Latin ...
Johann Mentelin

Johann Mentelin  

(c.1410–1478),German printer, born in Schlettstadt (now French Sélestat). In about 1468 he became the first printer in Strassburg. In 1460 Mentelin published a 49-line Bible, which enabled him to ...
Johann Neumeister

Johann Neumeister  

(1430/40–1512),German printer who may have been a pupil of Gutenberg in Mainz. He worked from 1470 to 1474 in Foligno (near Assisi), where he published the first edition of ...
Jurists, Italian

Jurists, Italian  

In the juridical experience of the Middle Ages the jurists (civilists, canonists and feudists) of the Italian school occupy a central place, so much so that the dominant jurisprudential movement ...
Karl Dziatzko

Karl Dziatzko  

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 (1842–1903) German librarian and bibliographer.As university librarian at Breslau (1872–86), he revolutionized cataloguing by introducing principles that adumbrated the influential ‘Prussian ...
Laurens Janszoon Koster

Laurens Janszoon Koster  

(c.1370–c.1440),Dutch xylographer, born in Haarlem, where he worked as a printer of block books (or xylographs) and from 1417 to 1434 held a series of important civic posts, including ...
Mainz

Mainz  

(archbishopric) Located near the confluence of the Rhine and Main rivers, Mainz was an important see in the MA. It became an archbishopric under Charlemagne, with Boniface as the first ...

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