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Jacob Grimm

(1785—1863) Jacob (Ludwig Carl) and Wilhelm (Carl), German philologists and folklorists

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Aarne–Thompson index

Aarne–Thompson index  

Shorthand for The Types of the Folktale, the classification system for international folk tales developed and first published in 1910 by the Finnish folklorist Antti Aarne under the title Verzeichnis ...
Achim von Arnim

Achim von Arnim  

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Literature
(b Berlin, 1781; d Wiepersdorf, 1831).Ger. poet who can claim inclusion in a music dictionary because of his co‐editorship with his future brother‐in‐law Clemens Brentano of the anthology of German ...
Albert Ludwig Grimm

Albert Ludwig Grimm  

(1786–1872), German author and editor of legends and fairy tales. Like Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm (to whom he was not related), A. L. Grimm collected folk and fairy tales, which ...
Aleksandr Afanasyev

Aleksandr Afanasyev  

(1826–1871), Russian folklorist. His collection Russian Folktales, in eight volumes (1855–1863), is still the most comprehensive work on East Slavic folk tales. Afanasyev used the Grimms’ Children's ...
Alexander Pushkin

Alexander Pushkin  

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Literature
(1799–1837),Russia's greatest poet, whose works include lyric poems, Byronic verse narratives, prose stories, historical dramas, and the great political poem The Bronze Horseman (1833). His novel in ...
Ali Baba

Ali Baba  

The hero of a story supposed to be from the Arabian Nights (but actually first added to the text in a French translation of the early 18th century), who discovered the magic formula (open sesame) ...
Ana de Castro Osorio

Ana de Castro Osorio  

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Literature
(1872–1935), Portuguese writer. Born at Mangualde, in the middle of Portugal, she died in Setúbal, a historical city near Lisbon, the capital of Portugal. Osorio was one of the most ...
Andrew Lang

Andrew Lang  

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Literature
(1844–1912),born at Selkirk, was educated at St Andrews University and became a fellow of Merton College, Oxford. In 1875 he settled in London, becoming one of the most prolific and versatile writers ...
Anne Sexton

Anne Sexton  

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Literature
(1928–74),American poet, was born into a privileged Massachusetts family. Following an early elopement, children, and a breakdown, she started to write poetry as therapy. She attended R. Lowell's ...
Antonio Gramsci

Antonio Gramsci  

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Literature
(1891–1937)Italian intellectual and founder of the Italian Communist Party.Born in Alès, Sardinia, Gramsci was educated at the University of Turin, where he studied history and philosophy. As a ...
Aphorisms and fairy tales

Aphorisms and fairy tales  

In addition to the numerous literary adaptations of fairy tales in the form of prose works, poems, and plays, there also exists a tradition of reducing well-known tales to short ...
Approaches to the literary fairy tale

Approaches to the literary fairy tale  

The literary fairy tale has been of scholarly interest since the 19th century and it has been discussed from a range of conceptual viewpoints using a variety of methodologies. Conceptual ...
Arnold Lobel

Arnold Lobel  

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Literature
(1933–87), award-winning American writer and illustrator of works for children.Among his honours are the Caldecott and Newbery Medals and Honor Book selections; National Book Award; New York Times ...
Arthur Rackham

Arthur Rackham  

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Literature
(1867–1939),children's book illustrator. Amongst his most successful works are Fairy Tales of the Brothers Grimm (1900), Rip van Winkle (1905), which established him as the fashionable illustrator of ...
Aschenbrödel

Aschenbrödel  

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Literature
Cinderella ballet in three acts with music by J. Strauss II. It was first choreographed by E. Graeb (Berlin Staatsoper, 2 May 1901) and later versions include J. Hassreiter's (Vienna, 4 Oct. 1908) ...
Beauty and the Beast

Beauty and the Beast  

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Music
Musical in two acts after the fairy tale of the same name. Premièred at the Palace Theatre, New York, in 1994, its book was by Linda Woolverton, lyrics by Howard ...
Benedikte Naubert

Benedikte Naubert  

(b. Hebenstreit; m. Holderieder, widowed; m. Naubert, 1756–1819). A popular and prolific German novelist,Naubert was born in Leipzig and after marriage lived in Naumburg. She used fairy-tale motifs ...
Bertall

Bertall  

1820–93),French illustrator who worked as a caricaturist for many important Parisian magazines such as L'Illustration, Journal pour Rire, and La Semaine. He was particularly successful as an ...
Bettina von Arnim

Bettina von Arnim  

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Literature
(née1785–1859). A German romantic and social activist,Arnim wrote one tale, ‘Der Königssohn’ (‘The King's Son’) and collected two others, ‘Hans ohne Bart’ (‘Beardless Hans’) and ‘die blinde ...
Bluebeard

Bluebeard  

A character in a tale by Charles Perrault, who killed several wives in turn for disobeying his order to avoid a locked room which contained the bodies of his previous wives. His last wife, left in ...

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