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Algirdas Julien Greimas

(1917—1992)

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actant

actant  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
In the narratology of A. J. Greimas, one of six basic categories of fictional role common to all stories. The actants are paired in binary opposition: Subject/Object, Sender/Receiver, ...
allegory

allegory  

A story, poem, or picture which can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one. The word comes (in late Middle English) via Old French and Latin from Greek ...
catastrophe theory

catastrophe theory  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Mathematical theory pioneered by the French mathematician René Thom, treating abrupt changes or discontinuities.
Éditions du Seuil

Éditions du Seuil  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
French publishing‐house founded in 1937 by Jean Bardet and Paul Flamand. After World War II it published contemporary authors such as Bernanos, Emmanuel, Pierre‐Henri Simon, Teilhard de Chardin, and ...
isotopy

isotopy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
A technical term first introduced by Algirdas Julien Greimas (1966) to account for the semantic consistency of a text, isotopy has been often redefined and discussed in the works of ...
Kenneth Burke

Kenneth Burke  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1897–1986),literary and philosophic critic, whose books include Counter-Statement (1931); Permanence and Change: An Anatomy of Purpose (1935), a philosophic investigation of the evolution of ethical ...
legal discourse

legal discourse  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
Written codes and the textual records of the judicial process form an extensive legal discourse, which has come under the scrutiny of semioticians, who approach this specific discourse from the ...
Louis Hjelmslev

Louis Hjelmslev  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
(1899–1965), Danish linguist, founder and leader of the Linguistic Circle of Copenhagen.He counts as one of the major exponents of European structural linguistics after Saussure. He founded ...
narrative structures

narrative structures  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
As an ordered sequence of events that “unfolds” in the course of a reading, a narrative has temporal and chronological dimensions. Yet these events must be held together in a ...
narratology

narratology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A term used since 1969 to denote the branch of literary study devoted to the analysis of narratives, and more specifically of forms of narration and varieties of narrator. Narratology as a modern ...
opposition

opposition  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The logic of opposition, which goes back at least to Aristotle (384–322 bce), makes an important distinction between contradictories (two propositions that cannot be both true or both false) and ...
Paris School

Paris School  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
The structuralist movement in French semiotics that developed in Paris in the early 1960s around Algirdas Julien Greimas (1917–1992) and Roland Barthes (1915–1980). Barthes, however, definitively ...
Roland Barthes

Roland Barthes  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1915–1980)French critic.Barthes was born in Cherbourg. A leading exponent of the nouvelle critique of the 1950s and 1960s, his approach to literary criticism was first presented in Le Degré zéro de ...
semiotic square

semiotic square  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
A spatial representation of the logical relations of a semantic category. Greimas introduced the semiotic square as a means of mapping the logical conjunctions and disjunctions relating key semantic ...
Tzvetan Todorov

Tzvetan Todorov  

(1939–)Bulgarianliterary theorist and one of the key disseminators of Russian Formalism. Born in Sofia, Todorov completed his undergraduate degree there and then like Julia Kristeva he moved to Paris ...
Viggo Brøndal

Viggo Brøndal  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
(1887–1942),Danish linguist and language philosopher. Brøndal received a traditional education in philology but showed an early concern for theoretical problems. The Danish philosopher Harald ...

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