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Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere

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anti-imperialism

anti-imperialism  

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The Second World War is widely believed to have encouraged the forces of anti-imperialism within the international system at large and undermined the viability of the various European colonial ...
Battle of Guadalcanal

Battle of Guadalcanal  

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A long-running air, sea, and land battle on the island of Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands in World War II. The Japanese had initially targeted the island as a strategic ...
Burma campaigns

Burma campaigns  

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(January 1942–August 1945)In 1942 two Japanese divisions advanced into Burma (now Myanmar), accompanied by the Burma National Army of Aung San, capturing Rangoon, and forcing the British garrison to ...
China incident

China incident  

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Term employed by the Japanese to refer to the conflict between Japan and China which broke out in July 1937 (see Map 22). The expression remained in use until the ...
consequences of the war

consequences of the war  

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The Second World War ended in both major theatres in acts of total and undeniable capitulation. Victors and vanquished were plain for all to see. The chief aggressors, Germany and ...
French Indo-China

French Indo-China  

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Former French colonial empire in south-east Asia. Having gained early influence in the area through assisting Gia-Long in establishing the Vietnamese empire in the early 19th century, the French ...
Hirohito

Hirohito  

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(1901–1989)Emperor of Japan (1926–89), who ruled as a divinity until Japan's defeat in World War II.Born in Tokyo, 124th direct descendant of Jimmu, Japan's first emperor, he was the first Japanese ...
Konoe Fumimaro

Konoe Fumimaro  

(b. 12 Oct. 1891, d. 16 Dec. 1945).Prime Minister of Japan 1937–9, 1940–1He entered politics as a member of the House of Peers in 1916. A member of the aristocracy, Konoe gave his support to the ...
Netherlands East Indies

Netherlands East Indies  

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(NEI),colony in South-East Asia covering a huge area some 3,660 km. (2,275 mi.) wide by 1,825 km. (1,135 mi.) long, including Java, Sumatra, Dutch Borneo, Dutch New Guinea, Celebes, western Timor, ...
origins of the war

origins of the war  

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The events which led to the outbreak of the Second World War in Europe and the Pacific followed a well-known path—the via dolorosa of mankind in the 1930s and early ...
raw and synthetic materials

raw and synthetic materials  

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One of the key lessons of the First World War was the importance of having regular and adequate supplies of raw materials to sustain the industrial war effort. There grew ...
Subhas Chandra Bose

Subhas Chandra Bose  

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(1897–1945)Indian nationalist politician. With Jawaharlal Nehru he founded the Indian Independence League in 1928. He became President of the Indian National Congress Party (1938–39) but quarrelled ...
subversive warfare

subversive warfare  

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In parallel with war at sea, on land, and in the air, another aspect of warfare flourished from 1939 to 1945: war by propaganda and sabotage, aiming at the subversion ...
Tojo Hideki

Tojo Hideki  

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History
(1884–1948)Japanese general and statesman. He participated in the war against China in the 1930s, was leader of the militarist party from 1931 onwards, and became War Minister in 1940. He urged ...
Wang Ching-wei

Wang Ching-wei  

1883–1944)Chinese revolutionary. A hero of the 1911 Chinese revolution, he was branded a traitor for his collaboration with the Japanese during World War II and his political vacillation.Born in ...
world trade and world economy

world trade and world economy  

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The Second World War was an economic as well as a military conflict. The war effort made enormous demands on the economic resources of all the combatant powers, and the ...

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