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Great Awakening

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African religion

African religion  

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Overview Page
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Religion
No single religion corresponds to the term ‘African religion’, nor could it. The geography of Africa ranges from rain forests to uninhabitable deserts; its peoples are organized in many different ...
Africanisms

Africanisms  

Africanisms refer to African cultural and linguistic practices that survived the passage across the Atlantic Ocean, including language, music, dance, medicine, folk culture, food preparation, and ...
baptists

baptists  

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Overview Page
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History
A person who practises baptism; The Baptist is the epithet of St John of Chancery.A Baptist is a member of a Protestant Christian denomination advocating baptism only of adult believers by total ...
Black Church

Black Church  

Apart from the ancient Churches of Nubia and Ethiopia, Black Churches originated in the 18th cent. among the descendants of African slaves in the United States of America. From the 1740s, evangelical ...
Charles Grandison Finney

Charles Grandison Finney  

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Religion
(1792–1875), American evangelist. In 1821 he underwent a conversion experience. He was ordained by the Presbytery of Oneida, NY, in 1824, and began his rise to prominence as an itinerant revivalist ...
Cotton Mather

Cotton Mather  

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Literature
(1663–1728)American Puritan clergyman. The son of Increase Mather, he became his father's clerical colleague in 1685. Immensely learned, often pedantic, he published nearly 500 works on theology, ...
Episcopalian

Episcopalian  

Properly a member of any Church ruled by bishops (episcopi), but esp. of the Anglican Communion as opposed to non–episcopal bodies, e.g. the Church of Scotland.
evangelicalism

evangelicalism  

A predominantly Anglican movement stemming from the mid‐18th cent., originally with links to Whitefield and methodism, its characteristics were Calvinistic with a literalist interpretation of the ...
George Liele

George Liele  

(b. c. 1750; d. c. 1828), itinerant Baptist preacher and biblical interpreter.George Liele was one of several black itinerants—some licensed, but most not—who preached in the Georgia and South ...
George Whitefield

George Whitefield  

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Literature
(1714–70),the popular evangelical preacher, came under the influence of John and Charles Wesley while at Oxford. He attracted much attention by his fervent and emotional sermons. His views diverged ...
Half-Way Covenant

Half-Way Covenant  

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Literature
A doctrine current in 17th- and 18th-cent. American Congregationalism which was held to express the relationship to God of those (especially baptized) members of the community who had had no ...
Health and Fitness.

Health and Fitness.  

The pursuit of health and fitness in America has long connoted more than a desire for the absence of illness or disease; it implied a search for the strength, energy ...
Henry Ward Beecher

Henry Ward Beecher  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1813–87),son of Lyman Beecher and brother of Catharine Beecher and Harriet Beecher Stowe, was a celebrated Congregational minister, moral crusader, and lecturer. At his Plymouth (Congregational) ...
Historiography

Historiography  

This entry contains four subentries: African American Historiography; Anglophone Historiography; Caribbean Historiography; and Francophone Historiography.Being both African and American has come to ...
integration

integration  

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Overview Page
In functionalist theory, the term integration is fundamental, and describes ‘a mode of relation of the units of a system by virtue of which, on the one hand, they act so as collectively to avoid ...
James Albert Ukawsaw Gronniosaw

James Albert Ukawsaw Gronniosaw  

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Literature
(c. 1710-?), spiritual and slave autobiographer.A Narrative of the Most Remarkable Particulars in the Life of James Albert Ukawsaw Gronniosaw, An African Prince appeared in London in 1770, related by ...
Jean le Charlier de Gerson

Jean le Charlier de Gerson  

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Religion
(1363–1429).French churchman and spiritual writer. All his life he was concerned for a true reform of the Church by a renewal of the spirit of prayer and sacrifice. He ...
John Wesley

John Wesley  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(1703–91)British preacher and co‐founder of Methodism. He became the leader of a small group in Oxford, which had been formed in 1729 by his brother Charles (1707–88); its members were nicknamed the ...
Jonathan Edwards

Jonathan Edwards  

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Literature
(1703–58),American philosopher, ardent divine, and formidable preacher who provoked the fervent religious revival in New England known as the ‘Great Awakening’. His principal philosophical work A ...
Jupiter Hammon

Jupiter Hammon  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1720–1800) African-American poetAn Evening Thought (1760) PoetryAn Address to the Negroes of the State of New York (1787) Non-FictionAn Evening Thought (1760) PoetryAn Address to the Negroes of the ...

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