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act

act  

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Act and deed part of a formula used in concluding a legal transaction by signing a document.See also act of God, act of grace, Act of Union at union.
Alvaro Pelayo

Alvaro Pelayo  

(c.1275–1349)Alvaro Pelayo or Pais, or Alvarus Pelagius, studied canon law and civil law at Bologna, before becoming a Franciscan in 1306. From 1330 to 1332, he was confessor to ...
Antoine Arnauld

Antoine Arnauld  

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Religion
(1612–94), French theologian and philosopher. A brother of Angelique Arnauld (see following entry), from 1638 he was in touch with Saint-Cyran and in 1641 he retired to Port-Royal. His book De la ...
apostasy

apostasy  

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Religion
The abandonment of Christianity. Until 1983 the term was used in the RC Church also of public defection from the RC Church and of desertion by a professed religious who had taken perpetual vows.
Arminianism

Arminianism  

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Religion
The doctrine of James Arminius or Harmensen (d. 1609), a Dutch Protestant theologian whose views were opposed to those of Calvin, especially on predestination.
authority

authority  

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Religion
The power or right to persuade individuals or groups to obey precepts or recommendations. In the State, the coercive power of the government can ensure compliance, and when the Church was identified ...
Benedict XIII

Benedict XIII  

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Religion
(1649–1730), Pope from 1724. A Dominican, he presided over the provincial Lateran Council of 1725 which tried to reform clerical morals. Also in 1725 he confirmed the bull ‘Unigenitus’, though he ...
benedictio mensae

benedictio mensae  

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Religion
A liturgical form of grace developed in monastic circles from verses of the Psalms. Reference to it is found as early as Cassian (Inst. coenob. 7. 12) and St Benedict ...
Bernardino Ochino

Bernardino Ochino  

(1487–1564),Italian Protestant reformer, born in Siena, where he entered the austere Order of Observantine Friars, a reformed Franciscan religious order. He became general of his Order, but in 1534 ...
Biblical theology

Biblical theology  

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Religion
A movement in Christian theology, especially in the 1930s–1950s, which sought to expound a common, ‘biblical’ (usually, ‘Hebraic’) viewpoint and language in the Old and New Testaments.
blessing

blessing  

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Religion
A blessing in disguise an apparent misfortune that eventually has good results, recorded from the mid 18th century.blessings brighten as they take their flight it is only when something is lost that ...
Book of Judges

Book of Judges  

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Religion
This OT Book traces the history of the Israelites from Joshua's death to the beginning of the monarchy, describing incidents connected with the conquest of Palestine, and woven round the names of ...
Carlstadt

Carlstadt  

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Religion
(c.1480–1541), German Reformer, so named from his birthplace. From 1505 he taught at Wittenberg. In 1518 he supported M. Luther's criticism of indulgences and in 1519 he disputed publicly with J. ...
Celestius

Celestius  

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Religion
(5th cent.), heretic. A native of Britain, he was practising as an advocate in Rome when he met Pelagius. They became convinced that the contemporary low morality could be reformed only by stressing ...
charisma

charisma  

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Is a quality possessed by some individuals that encourages others to listen and follow. Charismatic leaders tend to be self-confident, visionary, and change oriented, often with eccentric or unusual ...
charity

charity  

N.A body (corporate or not) established for one of the charitable purposes pecified by statute (see charitable trust). A charity is subject to the control of the High Court in the exercise of its ...
Christine Ebner

Christine Ebner  

(1277–1356) Dominican author of mystical revelations and of the Engelthal ‘Sisterbook’ (convent chronicle).Ebner also corresponded regularly with ‘Friend of God’ Henry of Nördlingen and collaborated ...
Church and Synagogue

Church and Synagogue  

On either side of the crucifixion, medieval image-makers loved to set, to the right a woman with crown and Nimbus, brandishing the standard of victory and collecting Christ's blood in ...
Claudio Aquaviva

Claudio Aquaviva  

(1543–1615), fifth General of the Jesuits from 1581. Under his leadership the Society was consolidated both in respect of its internal structures and its characteristic approach to ministry. Its ...
Clement VIII

Clement VIII  

(c.1536–1605), Pope from 1592. It was his policy to secure the representation of all the conflicting influences in the curia, and especially to limit that of Spain. He supported the Catholic League ...

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