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Aemilius Aemilianus, Marcus

Aemilius Aemilianus, Marcus  

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(RE 24)emperor ad 253. Against imperial policy, while governor of Moesia he dealt harshly with the Goths, and was proclaimed emperor by his army. He marched on Italy, overthrew ...
Alaric

Alaric  

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History
[Na]Visigoth leader who in ad 395 led a migration of his people into Greece and devastated the Balkans. The eastern government encouraged him to turn his attention westwards and he invaded Italy in ...
Alaric II

Alaric II  

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Archaeology
[Na]King of the Visigoths, who succeeded his father Euric in ad 484 and ruled the Catholics with toleration. In 506 he issued a code of laws abstracted from Roman practice for the use of his Roman ...
Ammianus Marcellinus

Ammianus Marcellinus  

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[Na]One of the last great Roman historians. Originally from Antioch, born c.ad 330, he served in the army and settled in Rome c.ad 378. His History, written in Latin for a Roman audience, spanned the ...
Aquitania

Aquitania  

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A name originally applied to the area bounded by the Garonne, the Pyrenees, and the bay of Biscay. The Aquitani are described as differing from the other Gauls in speech ...
Arianism

Arianism  

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Religion
In Christian theology, the main heresy denying the divinity of Christ, originating with the Alexandrian priest Arius (c. 250–c. 336). Arianism maintained that the son of God was created by the Father ...
Athanaric

Athanaric  

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Gothic leader, made a treaty with Valens in ad 369 but c.376 failed to hold off a Hunnic attack on his territories and withdrew to a refuge in the Carpathian ...
Athaulf

Athaulf  

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Archaeology
[Na]Leader of the Visigoths, successor of Alaric, who led the Visigoths out of Italy into southern Gaul in ad 412. In ad 414 he married Placidia, sister of Honorius, who had been captured in ad 410 ...
Aurelian

Aurelian  

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(full name Lucius Domitius Aurelianus) (c. 215–75) Roman emperor (270–75). Originally a common soldier, he rose through the ranks and was elected emperor by the army. By a series of military ...
Aureolus

Aureolus  

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Benefited from Gallienus' patronage of talented soldiers, becoming commander of the cavalry corps in Milan (Mediolanum). He helped Gallienus overcome various rebels, though failed against Postumus ...
Battle of Adrianople

Battle of Adrianople  

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(9 August 378 ad)The Roman city of Adrianople, 480 km (300 miles) west of Constantinople, was the scene of the defeat of the Roman forces by the Visigoths. Emperor Valens, who had hoped to prevent ...
Belisarius

Belisarius  

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[Na]Roman general who campaigned against Persia in ad 527 and ad 540, captured Vandal Africa in ad 533–4, and began the reconquest of Ostrogothic Italy in ad 535. Died ad 565.
Burdigala

Burdigala  

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Capital of the Bituriges Vivisci and, eventually, of Aquitania, was a busy international trading-port (with strong British links). Important remains include an amphitheatre (the ‘Palais-Gallien’), a ...
Caesaraugusta

Caesaraugusta  

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(mod. Zaragoza), in NE central Spain. An Augustan colonia and early mint with rectangular layout (895m.×513m.: 979×561 yds.) and settled by veterans of the Cantabrian Wars (IV, VI, and X ...
Cassiodorus

Cassiodorus  

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Politician, writer, and monk (c. ad 490–c.585). His Bruttian family had a tradition of provincial leadership and official service. He assisted his father, praetorian prefect of Italy, 503–7, under ...
Claudius II

Claudius II  

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3rd-cent. ad emperor. See Claudius (II) Gothicus.
Clovis

Clovis  

(465–511)King of the Franks (481–511). He succeeded his father Childeric (died 481) as king of the Salian Franks at Tournai, and extended Merovingian rule to Gaul and Germany after victories at ...
Constantine III

Constantine III  

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Archaeology
(d. 411).Usurper, proclaimed emperor by Roman troops in Britain. At the beginning of the 5th cent. ad Roman Britain was not heavily defended, Stilicho having withdrawn troops in 401–2 to help defend ...
Constantius III

Constantius III  

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(RE 9).Successful against Constantine III as magister militum of Honorius, from then on (ad 411) he effectively ruled the west. Recovering Galla Placidia from the Visigoths he married her ...
Dory

Dory  

(Δόρυ), also called Doros, a region in the mountainous southwestern part of Crimea where, according to Prokopios (Buildings 3.7.13), those Goths settled who did not follow Theodoric to Italy. The ...

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