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Maxim Gorky

(1868—1936) Russian writer and revolutionary

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Alan Howard

Alan Howard  

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(1937– )English actor who began a long association with the Royal Shakespeare Company in 1966. He rose rapidly to play Edgar in King Lear and Benedick in Much Ado About ...
Aleksandr Afinogenov

Aleksandr Afinogenov  

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(1904–41)Russian/Soviet dramatist. His best play, Fear (1931), staged at the Moscow Art Theatre, deals understandingly with problems experienced by intellectuals of an older generation in coming to ...
Aleksandra Yablochkina

Aleksandra Yablochkina  

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(1866–1964)Russian actress from an acting family, whose first stage appearance was at the age of 6. Her entire career after 1888 was spent at the Moscow Maly Theatre, where ...
Alexander Blok

Alexander Blok  

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Literature
(b. St Petersburg, 28 Nov. 1880; d. Petrograd, 7 Aug. 1921)Poet and playwright. His first book of poetry was published in 1904, and he became the leading figure in ...
Anatoly Efros

Anatoly Efros  

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(1925–87)Soviet/Russian director. In 1963 Efros led the Theatre of the Lenin Komsomol, where he created a repertoire largely based on contemporary drama, provoking political controversy with a number ...
Anatoly Vasiliev

Anatoly Vasiliev  

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(1942– )Soviet/Russian director. Vasiliev worked at the Moscow Art Theatre during the 1970s. His production of Slavkin's A Young Man's Grown-up Daughter (1979) at the Stanislavsky Theatre was ...
Anton Chekhov

Anton Chekhov  

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(1860–1904), playwright.The great Russian writer of stories and plays did not achieve American recognition until nearly twenty years after his death. The earliest performances of his works in the ...
Arthur Adamov

Arthur Adamov  

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(1908–1970)Russian-born French dramatist, one of the most prominent exponents of the Theatre of the Absurd.Adamov was born into a wealthy Armenian family in Kislovodsk; at the age of four he moved ...
Arts Theatre

Arts Theatre  

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Always hovering artistically on the fringes of the West End of London, the 347-seat Arts Theatre opened in 1927 as a club for unlicensed and experimental drama. In its first ...
Aurélien-Marie Lugné-Poe

Aurélien-Marie Lugné-Poe  

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(1869–1940)French actor and director. His early acting carer was inauspicious, in Antoine's Théâtre Libre and Fort's Théâtre d'*Art; but at the latter he encountered the work of Maeterlinck, with ...
Bertold Viertel

Bertold Viertel  

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(b. Vienna, 28 June 1885; d. Vienna, 24 Sept. 1953)Director. Viertel was associated as playwright and director with expressionism in his early years, promoting the work of Hasenclever and ...
Boris Shchukin

Boris Shchukin  

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(1894–1939)Russian/Soviet actor who joined Vakhtangov's Studio in 1920, acting in the latter's famous productions of The Miracle of St Anthony (1921) and Princess Turandot (1922). His subsequent ...
Boris Zakhava

Boris Zakhava  

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(1896–1977)Russian/Soviet actor, director, and teacher, whose first acting experience was with Vakhtangov at the latter's Mansurov Studio and then at the Moscow Art Theatre's Third Studio, where he ...
Botho Strauss

Botho Strauss  

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(1944– ),German playwright, novelist, and poet, whose non-naturalistic plays scathingly attack modern materialism. After co-editing Theatre Today, 1967–70, he wrote The Hypochondriacs (1972) and ...
City Center of Music and Drama

City Center of Music and Drama  

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New York, on West 55th Street. Built as a Masonic temple in 1924, this building came into the possession of the city and opened as a theatre under its present ...
Cleveland Play House

Cleveland Play House  

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America's oldest producing regional theatre, founded in Ohio in 1915 as an amateur group to present native plays. Its opening season came in 1916 under its first president Charles S. ...
David Jones

David Jones  

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(b. Poole, Dorset, 19 Feb. 1934)Director. He directed new plays and twentieth-century classics for the Royal Shakespeare Company, including Brecht, Vian, Nelson, Grass, O'Casey, four by Mercer, and a ...
Dusty Hughes

Dusty Hughes  

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(1947– )English playwright, who has also been assistant director at the Birmingham Repertory Theatre (1970–2), theatre editor for the magazine Time Out (1973–6), television script editor for the ...
Eleonora Duse

Eleonora Duse  

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(1858–1924), actress.The greatest Italian player of her age, she made her American debut in 1893 as Marguerite Gautier in La Dame aux Camélias. This tour was followed by several ...
Erwin Piscator

Erwin Piscator  

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(1893–1966)German director who, together with Brecht, developed epic theatre. Piscator is credited with inventing documentary drama, the political revue, and many scenic devices. Drafted into the ...

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