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Natalia Goncharova

(1881—1962)

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Aleksandr Tairov

Aleksandr Tairov  

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(1885–1950)Russian/Soviet director. After a period as an actor, Tairov's first important post was at Mardzhanov's Free Theatre in 1913, where he directed his future wife Koonen in Schnitzler's The ...
David Burliuk

David Burliuk  

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(b Kharkiv, Ukraine, 21 July 1882; d Southampton, Long Island, NY, 15 Jan. 1967) and(b Chernyanka, Ukraine, 27 Mar. 1886; d Salonika, Greece, 1917).Russian painters, brothers, leading members ...
Der Blaue Reiter

Der Blaue Reiter  

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A loose association of artists formed in Munich in 1911 as a splinter group from the Neue Künstlervereinigung; it held only two exhibitions (poorly received by press and public) and was broken up by ...
Donkey's Tail

Donkey's Tail  

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Title of an exhibition organized in Moscow in 1912 by Goncharova and Larionov after they had dissociated themselves from the Knave of Diamonds group in 1911. They accused that group of being too much ...
futurism

futurism  

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Italian avant-garde art movement, launched in 1909, that exalted the dynamism of the modern world; it was literary in origin, but most of its major exponents were painters, and it also embraced ...
Gerald Murphy

Gerald Murphy  

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(1888–1964).Painter. Also a businessman. Reflecting their creator's stylish, playful, and generous character, his innovative 1920s paintings reflect the cosmopolitan jazz age in spirit but find few ...
Kasimir Malevich

Kasimir Malevich  

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(b nr. Kiev, 11 [23] Feb. 1878 [or ?1879]; d Leningrad, 15 May 1935).Russian painter, designer, and writer, with Mondrian the most important pioneer of geometric abstract art. He began working in an ...
Knave of Diamonds

Knave of Diamonds  

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An artists' association, formed in Moscow in 1910, that was for a time the most important of the avant-garde groups in Russia. There are various explanations of how the name came about, one being ...
Mikhail Larionov

Mikhail Larionov  

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(b Tiraspol, 22 May 1881; d Fontenay-aux-Roses, 10 May 1964)Russian painter and designer. He studied at the Moscow Institute of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture where in 1900 he met his future ...
Moscow: patronage and collecting

Moscow: patronage and collecting  

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From the 14th to the early 18th century when the capital was removed to St Petersburg, Moscow was the most important artistic centre in Russia. Icon painting, manuscript illumination, church ...
Neo-primitivism

Neo-primitivism  

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A movement or trend in Russian painting in the early 20th century in which influences from the Western avant-garde were combined in a deliberately crude way with features derived from peasant art, ...
Rayonism

Rayonism  

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(Russ., ‘Luchism’).A type of abstract or semi-abstract painting practised by the Russian artists Goncharova and Larionov and a few followers from about 1912 to 1915 and representing their own ...
Scenic Design

Scenic Design  

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The history of design for dance is essentially the history of design for all Western performing arts. From the earliest times in Europe, dance has been an integral part of ...
scenography

scenography  

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Perspective drawing or scene-painting. The representation of a building in perspective. Nash's composition of Regent Street, London, was an exercise in scenographic composition as his palace-fronts ...
Sergei Diaghilev

Sergei Diaghilev  

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(1872–1929)Russian artistic impresario, who founded the Ballets Russes and brought the contemporary arts of Russia to Europe. He inspired musicians, artists, and dancers and revolutionized the ...
Target exhibition

Target exhibition  

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Exhibition organized in Moscow by Larionov, Goncharova, and Malevich in March 1913, at which Rayonism was launched. Malevich also showed works in his ‘Cubo-Futurist’ style.
Vladimir Tatlin

Vladimir Tatlin  

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(1885–1953)A central figure in the development of Russian Constructivism, artist, designer, and theorist Tatlin was born into a family with an engineer father and poet mother. He studied at the ...

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