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Bertie Ahern

Bertie Ahern  

(1951– )Irish politician, Prime Minister of the Republic of Ireland (1997– ). The leader of Fianna Fáil (1994– ), Ahern was an architect of the Good Friday Agreement of 1998 (see Northern Ireland).
Civil Rights Association of Northern Ireland

Civil Rights Association of Northern Ireland  

The starting point for civil rights protests in Northern Ireland was the eviction in March 1963 of Catholic families from council houses in Dungannon, County Tyrone. On 24 January 1967 ...
Confidence-Building Measures

Confidence-Building Measures  

Confidence-building measures (CBMs) are broadly defined as actions taken to build trust and reduce tension between states, communities, or parties in conflict. The term’s official usage can be traced ...
David Trimble

David Trimble  

(b. 15 Oct. 1944).First Minister of Northern Ireland 1998–2001, 2002 Born in Belfast as a Protestant, he studied law and became an academic at the Queen's University, Belfast. A member of the Orange ...
Democratic Unionist Party

Democratic Unionist Party  

(DUP),Northern IrelandFormed in 1971 by Ian Paisley and Desmond Boal, the party is committed to Northern Ireland remaining part of the UK. The party stood firmly against Protestants sharing power ...
Downing Street Declaration

Downing Street Declaration  

A document, signed on 15 December 1993 by the British Prime Minister, John Major, and the Prime Minister of the Irish Republic, Albert Reynolds, declaring their principles and conditions for the ...
Gerry Adams

Gerry Adams  

1948– )Northern Irish republican leader, president of Sinn Féin since 1983. In recent years Adams has made the transition from alleged terrorist to peacemaker.Born in the nationalist Falls Road area ...
Ian Paisley

Ian Paisley  

(1926– )Northern Irish clergyman; First Minister of Northern Ireland from 2007. He became a minister of the Free Presbyterian Church in 1946, and its leader from 1951 to 2007. Paisley first became ...
Identities: Shared, Multiple, and Peace

Identities: Shared, Multiple, and Peace  

Farming and the scenic countryside of Northern Ireland are the context of a society divided by cultural, ethnic, racial, and identity conflicts. Catholics and Protestants have been mutually ...
Irish Republican Army

Irish Republican Army  

(IRA).The Irish Volunteers, formed in 1913/14 and reorganized along conventional military command lines after the Easter Rising, became known as the IRA from 1919. During the Anglo‐Irish War, ...
John Hume

John Hume  

(1937– )Northern Irish politician, leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (1979–2001). He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1998 with David Trimble for his role in negotiating peace in ...
Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland  

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A unit of the United Kingdom comprising the six north-eastern counties of Ulster.Physical.Structurally, it is a south-westward extension of Scotland, separated by the North Channel of the Irish Sea. ...
Peace People of Northern Ireland

Peace People of Northern Ireland  

In 1976, there were 314 political deaths in Northern Ireland, a figure surpassed only by the 497 deaths suffered in 1972 (Fay et al. 1999, 137). As proportions of the ...
Resolution of Communal Wars

Resolution of Communal Wars  

Communal wars are not just contests between rival internal groups; the term itself is fiercely contested. On 16 January 2008, for example, a decade after the Good Friday Agreement had ...
Stormont

Stormont  

Is the grandiose building outside Belfast which housed the Northern Irish Parliament 1932–72. Its absurdly lengthy drive possesses an imposing statue of a defiant Sir Edward Carson. The word became a ...
Ulster Defence Association

Ulster Defence Association  

(UDA)(Northern Ireland)The UDA is the largest Loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland. It was established in 1971, as an umbrella for a number of smaller ‘defence associations’, which sought ...
Ulster Unionist Party

Ulster Unionist Party  

Political parties in Northern Ireland supporting maintenance of the union with the UK. In 1886 Lord Hartington and Joseph Chamberlain formed the Liberal Unionists, allying with the Conservatives and ...

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