Update

Overview

Erving Goffman

(1922—1982)

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 29 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

affect control

affect control  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The process, identified by Norbert Elias, whereby social constraints are brought to bear upon feelings, emotions, and associated behaviours. In the first volume of his The Civilizing Process (1939), ...
anti-psychiatry

anti-psychiatry  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A radical critique of traditional (especially medical) approaches to mental disorders, influenced by existentialism and sociology, popularized by the Scottish psychiatrist Ronald D(avid) Laing ...
backstage

backstage  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A concept referring to the concealed or protected social spaces or regions in which social actors prepare cultural performances, as opposed to the frontstage or front region in which social ...
bad faith

bad faith  

A form of self-deception and avoidance of one's freedom. French existentialist philosophers Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir used this term (in subtly differing ways) to account for what they ...
dramaturgical approach

dramaturgical approach  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A sociological perspective that holds that social interactions usually follow familiar and predicable scripts, much like theatrical productions. In this context, individuals are understood as ...
dramaturgy

dramaturgy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
[dram-ă-ter-ji]The theory and practice of drama, now usually called dramatics. A dramaturge or dramaturgist is a playwright, or in some contexts (especially German) a literary adviser or theatrical ...
encounter

encounter  

Any meeting between two or more people in face-to-face interactions. Sporting competitions are made up of many such interactions.
ethnomethodology

ethnomethodology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The study of common social knowledge, in particular as it concerns the understanding of others and the varieties of circumstance in which it can take place.
everyday life

everyday life  

See also lived experience.1. Daily activities in the social world, and the field of enquiry for which this forms a focus.2. The realm of social life, the traditional focus of anthropology and ...
face-to-face interaction

face-to-face interaction  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
*Synchronous social interaction between individuals co-present in the same physical location, normally through speech and nonverbal communication. It is a particular concern in social psychology and ...
focused interaction

focused interaction  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A concept applied to the co-ordinating of face-to-face interaction by two or more actors. The contrast is with unfocused interaction, which is communication by gestures and signals that arises simply ...
frame

frame  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In Frame Analysis (1974), Erving Goffman defines a ‘frame’ as ‘definitions of the situation [that] are built up in accordance with the principles of organization which govern events—at least social ...
frontstage

frontstage  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A concept referring to the public social space or region in which social life is experienced by both those who make particular cultural performances, and those for whom such performances are ...
Georg Simmel

Georg Simmel  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1858–1918)German writer and together with Weber one of the principal founders of sociology as a distinct discipline. A cosmopolitan, Simmel studied at Berlin, where he continued to teach, unpaid, ...
gossip

gossip  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A form of communication that consists of evaluative talk about absent others, gossip is described by some as connoting warmth, intimacy, and bonding, though most descriptions stress the destructive ...
impression formation

impression formation  

The rapid creation of a unified perception or understanding of the character or personality of another person on the basis of a large number of diverse characteristics. One of the main problems in ...
institution

institution  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. In most everyday usage, organizations (such as schools, banks, hospitals, prisons, and broadcasting corporations).2. (social institutions) (social sciences) A term frequently used loosely to refer ...
looking-glass self

looking-glass self  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
A term introduced by Cooley to refer to the dependence of our social self or social identity on our appearance to others, especially significant others. Our self-concept or self image—the ideas and ...
ritual

ritual  

Reference type:
Overview Page
[De]A favourite but deplorable term commonly used by archaeologists looking to explain unfamiliar patterns in material culture that seem to have no functional explanation. Ritual strictly refers to ...
role

role  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Role is a key concept in sociological theory. It highlights the social expectations attached to particular social positions and analyses the workings of such expectations. Role theory was ...

View: