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Girondins

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anticlericalism

anticlericalism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The opposition to the secular influence of the Church, usually the Roman Catholic Church. It was a major theme in the domestic politics of several European countries during the late nineteenth ...
Camille Desmoulins

Camille Desmoulins  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1760–94)French journalist and Revolutionary. He became an advocate in the Paris Parlement in 1785, and four years later, after the dismissal of Necker, he summoned the crowd outside the Palais Royal ...
Charlotte Corday d'Armont

Charlotte Corday d'Armont  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1768–93)French noblewoman, the murderess of Marat. After a lonely childhood in Normandy she began to attend the meetings of the Girondins, where she heard of Marat as a tyrant and conceived the idea ...
French Revolution

French Revolution  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1789)The political upheaval that ended with the overthrow of the Bourbon monarchy in France and marked a watershed in European history. Various groups in French society opposed the ancien régime ...
Georges Danton

Georges Danton  

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Literature
(1759–94)French revolutionary. A noted orator, he won great popularity in the early days of the French Revolution. He served as Minister of Justice (1792–94) in the new republic and was a founder ...
Girondins

Girondins   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
188 words

Revolutionary grouping led at first by Brissot, and known to contemporaries as the Brissotins. The principal figures included Vergniaud

Girondins

Girondins   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
51 words

Political group in the French Revolution named after deputies from Gironde, sw France. From 1792 the relatively moderate and middle-class

Girondist

Girondist   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

a member of the French moderate republican Party in power during the Revolution 1791–3, so called because the party leaders were the deputies from the department of the ...

Jacobin

Jacobin  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Originally a name of the French friars of the order of St Dominic, so called because the church of St Jacques in Paris was given to them and they built their first convent nearby. From them the name ...
Jacques-René Hébert

Jacques-René Hébert  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1757–94)French journalist and Revolutionary. He became a prominent member of the Cordeliers Club (an extreme Revolutionary club) in 1791. The following year he was a member of the Commune of Paris ...
Jean Paul Marat

Jean Paul Marat  

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Subject:
Literature
(1743–93)French revolutionary and journalist. The founder of a radical newspaper, he became prominent during the French Revolution as a virulent critic of the moderate Girondists and was instrumental ...
Jean-Baptiste Louvet de couvray

Jean-Baptiste Louvet de couvray  

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Subject:
Literature
(1760–97).French novelist, who from 1789 onwards was actively involved in politics and was a powerful orator. He joined the Girondins, was prominent in attacking Robespierre, and had to spend ...
Jean-Pierre Brissot

Jean-Pierre Brissot  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1754–93).French Revolutionary leader. After a chequered literary and political career, he was elected a député in 1789 and became leader of the ‘Brissotin’ party, subsequently the Girondins, ...
Louis de Saint-Just

Louis de Saint-Just  

Reference type:
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Subject:
History
(1767–94)French Revolutionary leader. He was elected an officer in the National Guard when the French Revolution began; his great loyalty to Robespierre led to his appointment to the National ...
Marquis de Condorcet

Marquis de Condorcet  

(1743–94)French mathematician and social theorist. Condorcet was educated by Jesuits, and became the permanent Secretary of the Académie des Sciences, for which he was qualified by his mathematical ...
Maximilien Robespierre

Maximilien Robespierre  

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Subject:
Literature
(1758–94)French Revolutionary politician; one of the architects of the ‘Reign of Terror’ (1793–4) which claimed his own life. His deification of ‘the people’ using slogans loosely connected with ...
Mme Roland

Mme Roland  

Reference type:
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Subject:
Literature
(1754–93)French Revolutionary, whose salon became the centre of the Girondin party. Through her political influence her husband, Jean-Marie Roland (1734–93), was appointed Minister of the Interior in ...
Montagnards

Montagnards  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Name given to the radical deputies who sat in the most elevated section (‘La Montagne’) of the Convention Nationale during the Revolution; the group included about one‐third of the deputies ...
National Assembly

National Assembly  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The revolutionary assembly formed by members of the Third Estate on 17 June 1789 when they failed to gain the support of the whole of the French States-General. Three days later the members signed ...
Pierre Vergniaud

Pierre Vergniaud  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1753–93).The most eloquent of the Girondin orators during the Revolution. Having practised as a lawyer in Bordeaux, he was elected to the Assemblée Législative in 1791 and played a ...

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