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Germanic languages

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bible epic

bible epic  

The retelling of biblical narratives using the conventions of epic, Graeco-Roman or vernacular. The transposition of biblical texts into classical genres began before the Christian era, among ...
Dutch

Dutch  

The principal language of the Netherlands (where Frisian and French are also spoken) and of Dutch possessions in southern Africa (where it evolved into Afrikaans), the West Indies (the Leeward ...
English language

English language  

The Germanic language spoken in England which takes its name from the Angles (who first committed their dialect to writing) and was extended to refer to all the dialects of the vernacular, Saxon and ...
German

German  

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Overview Page
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Literature
Along with English, Dutch, and Frisian, German belongs to the West Germanic group within the Germanic branch of Indo-European; it is currently spoken by more than 97 million people within ...
Germans

Germans  

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Overview Page
After the Celts the second major linguistic and cultural grouping encountered by the Graeco‐Roman world in northern Europe. It was the Romans' failure, between 12 bc and ad 9 (when a German ...
Historical Linguistics

Historical Linguistics  

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Overview Page
This entry includes the following subentries:OverviewClassification by “Descent”Culture History and Historical LinguisticsMethodsMathematical MethodsComputational MethodsTextual MethodsObsolescence, ...
Indo-European

Indo-European  

Of or relating to the family of languages spoken over the greater part of Europe and Asia as far as northern India.The Indo-European languages have a history of over 3,000 years. Their unattested, ...
Jacob Grimm

Jacob Grimm  

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Literature
(1785–1863), and(1786–1859),German brothers who pioneered the study of German philology, law, mythology, and folklore. They are chiefly known in England for their collection of fairy tales, ...
Karl Adolf Verner

Karl Adolf Verner  

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Linguistics
(1846–1896). Danish linguist.Verner was in close touch with German circles and with the Neogrammarians. He was first librarian at Halle and then professor of Slavic languages at Copenhagen. His ...
Mechthild of Hackeborn

Mechthild of Hackeborn  

(c.1241–99)*Cistercian of Helfta, admired for her mysticism. When Mechthild was bedridden in the last years of her life, at the abbess’s command Gertrude the Great and others at Helfta ...
Scandinavian Languages

Scandinavian Languages  

The family of Sc[andinavian] languages includes Da[nish], Faroese, Icelandic, No[rwegian], and Sw[edish]—the languages respectively of Denmark, the Faroe Islands, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden. Each ...
Scots

Scots  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A historical offshoot of the Northumbrian dialect of Anglo‐Saxon, sharing with Northern Middle English a strong Norse element in vocabulary and vowel and consonant developments which still mark off ...
Strasbourg Oaths

Strasbourg Oaths  

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Overview Page
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Literature
Recorded by Nithard in a roughly contemporary Latin chronicle (MS late 10th c.), the Oaths were sworn in Strasbourg on 14 February 842, when two of Charlemagne's grandsons, Charles the ...

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