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Gémier Firmin

(1869—1933)

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Alfred Jarry

Alfred Jarry  

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(1873–1907),French poet and dramatist, whose Ubu-roi is now considered the founder-play of the modern avant-garde theatre. Written when Jarry was 15 years old and first performed in 1888 as ...
André Antoine

André Antoine  

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(1858–1943),French actor, director, and theatre manager, one of the outstanding figures in the theatrical reforms of the late 19th century. In 1887 he founded the Théâtre Libre for productions ...
centres dramatiques

centres dramatiques  

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Theatres throughout France that receive state and municipal funding so that the regions need not rely on touring companies bringing hits from Paris. The decentralization idea was encouraged by Gémier ...
Century Theatre

Century Theatre  

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(New York).The playhouse on Seventh Avenue at 59th Street had almost as many names as it had tenants. It opened as Jolson's 59th Street Theatre in 1921, and over ...
Charles Dullin

Charles Dullin  

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(b. Yonne, France, 12 May 1885; d. Paris, 11 Dec. 1949)Actor and director. With Louis Jouvet, Dullin was the most important disciple of Copeau. He appeared at Antoine's theatre ...
Comédie des Champs-Élysées

Comédie des Champs-Élysées  

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Paris. Built in 1912 in the Avenue Montaigne as an annexe to the concert hall of the same name, the reputation of this theatre was made in the 1920s with ...
Gaston Baty

Gaston Baty  

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(b. Pelussin, France, 26 May 1885; d. Pelussin, 13 Oct. 1952)Director. A member of the Cartel, Baty was much influenced by expressionism, the Russian ballet and puppet theatre. Not ...
La Décentralisation théâtrale

La Décentralisation théâtrale  

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State‐sponsored programme launched in 1947 to remedy the lack of theatrical provision in the provinces. It had long been recognized that the capital's cultural hegemony, encapsulated in the ...
Odéon

Odéon  

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First built in 1782 to house the Comédie-française, it became France's second national theatre when it reopened in 1819 after burning down twice. From 1946 to 1959 the company was ...
Palais de Chaillot

Palais de Chaillot  

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Paris, Moresque building on the exhibition site opposite the Eiffel Tower, used by the first Théâtre National Populaire from 1920 to 1934. It was demolished in 1934 to make way ...
people's theatre/popular theatre

people's theatre/popular theatre  

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These terms have often been used interchangeably and there has been some confusion over to what manner of theatrical presentation each refers. This varies according to class viewpoint and ideological ...
Romain Rolland

Romain Rolland  

(1866–1944)French novelist, dramatist, and essayist. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1915.Born at Clamecy, Mièvre, into a well-established middle-class family, Rolland studied at the ...
tent theatre

tent theatre  

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Form of theatre staging offering a multitude of examples, since presumably as long as there were sail-makers, awnings could be erected to protect open-air audiences from the sun, without obscuring ...
Théâtre de la Renaissance

Théâtre de la Renaissance  

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Paris. The first theatre of this name opened in 1826 as the Salle Ventadour, but was taken over and renamed 10 years later by Anténor Joly, who produced there plays ...
Théâtre National de l' Odéon

Théâtre National de l' Odéon  

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Paris, second theatre of France, ranking next to the Comédie-Française, which in 1781 occupied the first building to be erected on the present site of the Odéon. Following the vicissitudes ...
Théâtre National Populaire

Théâtre National Populaire  

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A French national theatre for the people, founded in 1920 by Firmin Gémier who secured government subsidies for productions performed for workers. This enterprise folded in 1937, but in 1951 ...
Vlaamse Volkstoneel

Vlaamse Volkstoneel  

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Modernist Flemish company, operating from 1920 to 1932. The central figure was Jan Oskar de Gruyter, who thought theatre an important educational and emancipatory tool. Though he considered the ...

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