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Frederick James Furnivall

(1825—1910) textual scholar and editor

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Algernon Charles Swinburne

Algernon Charles Swinburne  

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Literature
(1837–1909)Poet and critic, born into an old Northumbrian family. He spent much of his childhood in the Isle of Wight, where he acquired a lasting love of the sea ...
Chaucer Society

Chaucer Society  

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*Furnivall founded the Chaucer Society in 1868 ‘to do honour to Chaucer’ by producing transcripts of his MSS and scholarly studies of his works. Two series of publications were issued. ...
Early English Text Society

Early English Text Society  

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Founded in 1864 by Furnivall for the publication of Early and Middle English texts.
Handlyng Synne

Handlyng Synne  

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Literature
By Mannyng of Brunne, written in rough octosyllabics and begun in 1303. It is based on the French Manuel des Pechez, by William of Wadington. It deals with sin under various headings: the Ten ...
Henry Bradshaw

Henry Bradshaw  

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Literature
 (1831–86) English scholar, librarian, and bibliographer.Bradshaw was a leading British authority who brought together bibliography and codicology, establishing the foundations of modern ...
journal

journal  

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Literature
A journal is substantially the same thing as a diary: i.e. a daily record of occurrences (see diary). While the terms are technically interchangeable, the word ‘journal’ has tended to ...
Leopold Shakespeare

Leopold Shakespeare  

A popular one-volume edition published in 1877 with an introduction by F. J. Furnivall and the text prepared by the German scholar Nikolaus Delius, dedicated to Prince Leopold, Queen Victoria's ...
metrical tests

metrical tests  

Scholars have long assumed that Shakespeare had characteristic metrical habits, which can be used to distinguish his work from that of his contemporaries, and that those habits changed over time ...
New Shakspere Society

New Shakspere Society  

Founded in 1873 by F. J. Furnivall, it reprinted primary materials such as Brooke's Romeus and Juliet and The Two Noble Kinsmen, and published scholarly papers read at its meetings. It disbanded in ...
Old-Spelling Shakespeare

Old-Spelling Shakespeare  

(1907–9).An ambitious project to issue all Shakespeare's works in 40 volumes ‘in such a form as would have harmonized with the poet's own orthography’ (Prospectus) was part of the ...
Oxford English Dictionary

Oxford English Dictionary  

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Literature
The scheme of ‘a completely new English Dictionary’ was conceived in 1858, chiefly as the result of the reading of two papers ‘On some Deficiencies in our English Dictionaries’ by Dr R. C. Trench to ...
Percy Folio

Percy Folio  

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Literature
A manuscript in mid‐17th‐cent. handwriting, the most important source of our ballad literature and the basis of Child's collection. From it T. Percy drew the ballads included in his Reliques. The ...
Philological Society

Philological Society  

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Literature
Was founded in its present form in 1842 to investigate and to promote the study and knowledge of the structure, the affinities, and the history of language. Active in its formation were Thirlwell, A. ...
Roxburghe Club

Roxburghe Club  

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Select British club for bibliophiles. It was founded on 17 June 1812, when eighteen collectors, convened by Dibdin, dined together to commemorate the sale that day by R. H. Evans ...
Shakespeare as a surname

Shakespeare as a surname  

Over 80 spellings of the name are recorded by E. K. Chambers (William Shakespeare, 1930), including ‘Shaxpere’ in the marriage licence and ‘Shaxberd’ in the Revels account. Shakespeare uses variant ...
Sir Israel Gollancz

Sir Israel Gollancz  

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Literature
 (1863–1930) Scholar and English university teacher.A founding member, original fellow, and first secretary (1902–30) of the British Academy, Gollancz was a scholarly popularizer, especially of ...
Sir James Murray

Sir James Murray  

(1837–1915),acquired his great philological and anti‐quarian knowledge largely through his own studies. He made the acquaintance of many scholars with similar preoccupations, including Skeat, Sweet, ...
Teena Rochfort Smith

Teena Rochfort Smith  

(1861–83),English scholar. The poet Robert Browning wrote to the founder of the New Shakespeare Society, Frederick Furnivall, referring to the recently deceased Teena as ‘your sweet lost intimate’. ...
Thomas Hoccleve

Thomas Hoccleve  

(c.1367–1426)Apart from John Lydgate the most significant named English poet of the 15th century. He was a clerk in the office of the privy seal and some of his ...
W. W. Skeat

W. W. Skeat  

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Literature
(1835–1912)19th‐century editor of Old and Middle English literature. He became a mathematics lecturer at Christ's College, Cambridge (1864), but spent much time in the study of Early English and ...

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