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Anna Freud

(1895—1982) psychoanalyst

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behaviourism

behaviourism  

n. an approach to psychology postulating that only observable behaviour need be studied, thus denying any importance to unconscious processes. Behaviourists are concerned with the laws regulating the ...
complex

complex  

1 An organized structure made up of interconnected units.2 In psychoanalysis, an organized collection of ideas, emotions, impulses, and memories that share a common emotional tone and that have been ...
David Cooper

David Cooper  

(1931–86)South African-born psychiatrist and a leading figure of the anti-psychiatry movement. After graduating with a medical degree from the University of Cape Town, Cooper moved to London. He ...
desiring-production

desiring-production  

The term used by Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari in L'Anti-Oedipe (1972), translated as Anti-Oedipus (1977), for the process of desire. In spite of the title of their book, Deleuze and Guattari are ...
ego ideal

ego ideal  

In psychoanalysis, an internal notion of personal perfection serving as a model to which one strives to conform, derived from the fusion of narcissism and early identification (2) with parents. ...
fear and courage

fear and courage  

Although the word ‘fear’ is used without difficulty in everyday language to mean the experience of apprehension, problems arise when it is used as a scientific term. It cannot be ...
hysteria

hysteria  

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Overview Page
n. 1. formerly, a neurosis characterized by emotional instability, repression, dissociation, some physical symptoms (see hysterical), and vulnerability to suggestion. Two types were recognized: ...
ideal ego

ideal ego  

The ego's narcissistic and idealized image of itself as omnipotent. Although Freud did use this concept in his work on narcissism, it does not figure very largely in his work. Lacanian ...
inferiority complex

inferiority complex  

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An unrealistic feeling of general inadequacy caused by actual or supposed inferiority in one sphere, sometimes marked by aggressive behaviour in compensation.
instinct

instinct  

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(in-stinkt)1 a complex pattern of behaviour innately determined, which is characteristic of all individuals of the same species.2 an innate drive that urges the individual towards a particular goal.
Johann Friedrich Herbart

Johann Friedrich Herbart  

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Philosophy
(1776–1841)German philosopher and educational theorist. Herbart studied under Fichte, but was influenced by Leibniz and Kant, whom he succeeded in the chair at Königsberg from 1808. He held that ...
Joseph Breuer

Joseph Breuer  

(1842–1925).Physician and psychiatrist Freud described his close friend and collaborator Joseph Breuer as ‘a man of rich and universal gifts, whose interests extended far beyond his professional ...
Melanie Klein

Melanie Klein  

(1882–1960)Austrian psychoanalyst who was a major influence in child psychology and psychiatry, devising techniques of analysis that gave insight into the depths of a child's mind.Klein began her ...
Michel de Certeau

Michel de Certeau  

(1925–86)Frenchreligious historian and cultural critic. He is especially well known for his critique of historiography and his analyses of the practices of everyday life (particularly its spatial ...
Michèle Le Dœuff

Michèle Le Dœuff  

(1948–)Frenchfeminist philosopher and playwright. A less well-known member of the small group of thinkers collectively known as French Feminists, Le Doeuff's work is more exclusively philosophical ...
political unconscious

political unconscious  

A concept created by Fredric Jameson to articulate the implicit political dimension of creative works. First proposed in The Political Unconscious: Narrative as a Socially Symbolic Act (1981), the ...
psychosomatic disease: philosophical and psychological aspects

psychosomatic disease: philosophical and psychological aspects  

Diseases are designated as psychosomatic if two conditions are fulfilled: if (i) the symptoms are accompanied by demonstrable physiological disturbances of function and (ii) the illness as a whole ...
R. D. Laing

R. D. Laing  

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Literature
(1927–1989)British psychiatrist whose controversial views on madness and family life influenced some radical psychiatric movements of the late 1960s.Laing was educated at the University of Glasgow ...
repression

repression  

In psychoanalysis, a defence mechanism whereby unacceptable thoughts, feelings, or wishes are banished from consciousness. In an article entitled ‘Repression’ in 1915, Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) gave ...
schizoanalysis

schizoanalysis  

Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari's term for their project of re-engineering psychoanalysis by (i) repolarizing it around psychosis rather than neurosis and (ii) aligning it with Marxism by finding a ...

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