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French empire

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Foreign Legion

Foreign Legion  

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A military formation of the French army established in 1831 to fight France's colonial wars. Composed, except for the higher ranks, of non-Frenchmen, the Legion was famed for its audacity ...
French Equatorial Africa

French Equatorial Africa  

An administrative amalgamation of French colonies in central‐west Africa formed in 1910, from which the modern states of the Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Gabon, and most of Cameroon (added ...
French Guiana

French Guiana  

One of the richest, but most impenetrable, countries of South AmericaFrench Guiana's hot and humid territory is largely flat. There are low mountains in the south along the border with Brazil, but ...
French Polynesia

French Polynesia  

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A collection of some 130 islands in five archipelagos, spread out in an area of two million km2 (772,200 sq. miles) of the Pacific Ocean. It was governed as a French colony from 1903, but in 1945 its ...
French Union

French Union  

A reorganization in 1946 of the French Empire to implement the Brazzaville Declaration. It proved unacceptable to both African and Indochinese nationalists, especially as it established little in the ...
Louis Hubert-Gonzalve Lyautey

Louis Hubert-Gonzalve Lyautey  

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(b. 17 Nov. 1854, d. 21 Mar. 1934).French marshal Born in Nancy, Lyautey graduated from the French Military Academy of Saint-Cyr in 1873 and spent most of his professional life in the French colonial ...
Maxime Weygand

Maxime Weygand  

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(1867–1965)French general. He was Foch's chief of staff in World War I, and in 1920 was sent by the French government to aid the Poles in their ultimately successful defence against the advancing ...

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