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Abraham Tucker

Abraham Tucker  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1705–74),one of the first writers of the utilitarian school of philosophy. In his great work The Light of Nature Pursued (6 vols, 1768–78) he rejects the moral sense theory of Shaftesbury and ...
action

action  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
What an agent does, as opposed to what happens to an agent (or even what happens inside an agent's head). Describing events that happen does not of itself permit us to talk of rationality and ...
agent

agent  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
One who acts. The central problem of agency is to understand the difference between events happening in me or to me, and my taking control of events, or doing things. See action, determinism, free ...
agent-causation

agent-causation  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
A presumed special category of causation whereby agents initiate sequences of events when they act, without the initiation being itself causally determined. See determinism, free will, libertarianism ...
agnosticism

agnosticism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The view that some proposition is not known, and perhaps cannot be known to be true or false. The term is particularly applied to theological doctrines.
Alan Robert Lacey

Alan Robert Lacey  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1926–)A. R. Lacey was born in Birmingham on 17 May 1926. He was educated at St Edward's School, Oxford (1939–44). Two years in the army followed. He studied at ...
Allen Phillips Griffiths

Allen Phillips Griffiths  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1927–)A. Phillips Griffiths, known to the philosophical world as ‘Griff’, was born in Llandaff on 11 June 1927. After school in Cardiff, leaving Whitchurch Cardiff Grammar in 1943, he ...
animus

animus  

The Greeks lacked our concepts of inertia and frictional loss. For them there had to be an activating animus to initiate and maintain motion. Thus Aristotle supposed that the continuing ...
Anthony John Patrick Kenny

Anthony John Patrick Kenny  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1931– ).British philosopher who has written on topics in the philosophy of mind, medieval philosophy, ancient philosophy, the philosophy of Wittgenstein, the philosophy of Descartes, moral ...
Antony Garrard Newton Flew

Antony Garrard Newton Flew  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1923–)Antony Flew was born on 11 February 1923 in Ealing, London, England. He attended St. Faith’s Preparatory School, Kingswood School, and St. John’s College, Oxford, where he earned a ...
Arthur Henry Hallam

Arthur Henry Hallam  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1811–33),became a close friend of Tennyson, and after his early death, the subject of Tennyson's poem In Memoriam. His Remains, edited by his father Henry Hallam in 1834, contain work of distinction ...
Arthur Norman Prior

Arthur Norman Prior  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1914–69).New Zealand-born philosopher who taught at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand and the University of Manchester before becoming a Fellow of Balliol College, Oxford. He first gained ...
astrology

astrology  

The study of movements and relative positions of celestial bodies interpreted as having an influence on human affairs and the natural world. Ancient observers of the heavens developed elaborate ...
Austyn

Austyn  

(354–430), doctor of the Church and the most influential patristic writer on medieval theology. Apart from about five years in Italy, he spent all his life in North Africa where ...
autonomy/heteronomy

autonomy/heteronomy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Autonomy is the capacity for self-government. Agents are autonomous if their actions are truly their own. The necessity of this moral liberty appears in Rousseau, and is a cornerstone of Kant's ...
Avraham Ibn Daud

Avraham Ibn Daud  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.1110–1180), Spanish philosopher, historian, physician, and astronomer; known by his initials as Ravad. He was born in Cordova, Spain; fled from the Almohade persecutions to Castile in 1146; and ...
Baruch Spinoza

Baruch Spinoza  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
 (1632–77) Leading Dutch-Jewish philosopher,banned by the Portuguese Jewish community in 1656, probably because of his criticisms of the Scriptures (but possibly because of a financial dispute with ...
Benjamin Jowett

Benjamin Jowett  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1817–93),one of the legendary figures of late Victorian Oxford, was professor of Greek from 1855 and master of Balliol College from 1870. A Broad Churchman in the tradition of T. Arnold, he outraged ...
Bryan Magee

Bryan Magee  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1930–)Bryan Magee was born on 12 April 1930 of working-class parents in Hoxton. During World War II he served in the Army Intelligence Corp. After demobilization he obtained a ...
Charles Arthur Campbell

Charles Arthur Campbell  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1897–1974)Charles Arthur Campbell was born in Glasgow on 13 January 1897 and died in Callander, Perthshire on 17 March 1974. He was educated at Glasgow Academy, Glasgow University and ...

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