Update
The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Dismiss

Overview

Free-Soil Party

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 31 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

abolitionism

abolitionism  

A term associated with protest on grounds of inhumanity and a call for the abolition of slavery (see, for example, the arguments of William Wilberforce, 1759–1833). More recently extended to the ...
American Anti-Slavery Society

American Anti-Slavery Society  

The American Anti-Slavery Society (AASS) was founded in 1833 by a small group of radicals calling for the immediate abolition of slavery. The leading spirit was William Lloyd Garrison, whose ...
antebellum

antebellum  

Occurring or existing before a particular war, especially the American Civil War.
antislavery

antislavery  

Slavery was regarded in later 18th‐cent. Britain as essential to the exploitation of the West Indian colonies and there was strong opposition to any interference with the institution, particularly ...
Antislavery Movement

Antislavery Movement  

Frederick Douglass was perhaps the perfect embodiment of the American antislavery movement. As a young slave on a large Maryland plantation, he rebelled both physically and psychologically against ...
Black Abolitionists

Black Abolitionists  

Historians acknowledge the existence of “two abolitionisms” in the antebellum United States—one black, one white. Although black and white abolitionists shared similar views about the moral evil of ...
Charles Sumner

Charles Sumner  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1811–74),Boston lawyer, was elected on the Free-Soil ticket to the U.S. Senate (1851), where he became the spearhead of New England liberal opposition to the South. His vehement oratory ...
Election of 1860

Election of 1860  

The election of 1860 was the most important in American history. It was perhaps even more important for blacks than for whites. The central issue of the campaign was the ...
Emancipation Proclamation

Emancipation Proclamation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(in the American Civil War) the announcement made by President Lincoln on 22 September 1862 emancipating all black slaves in states still engaged in rebellion against the Federal Union with effect ...
Frederick Douglass

Frederick Douglass  

(c. 1817–95)US Black abolitionist. Born in slavery in Maryland, he made his escape to the free states in 1838. In 1841 he became an agent for the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society and a prominent ...
Gamaliel Bailey

Gamaliel Bailey  

(b. 3 December 1807; d. 5 June 1859), white antislavery journalist and political organizer.Gamaliel Bailey was born in Mount Holly, New Jersey. His father, Gamaliel Bailey Sr., was a ...
George Bradburn

George Bradburn  

(b. 1806; d. 1880), abolitionist and minister.A devout and charitable Unitarian minister, George Bradburn worked tirelessly within the antislavery movement. While his name is virtually unknown in ...
Henry Bibb

Henry Bibb  

(1815–1854), fugitive slave narrator and journalist.Henry Bibb is best known through his Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Henry Bibb, An American Slave, which was first published by Bibb ...
John Albion Andrew

John Albion Andrew  

(b. 31 May 1818; d. 30 October 1867), abolitionist, Massachusetts governor, and organizer of black military units for Civil War service.The son of Jonathan Andrew, a farmer and storeowner ...
John Brown

John Brown  

(1800–59)US abolitionist. Fired by a mixture of religious fanaticism and a violent hatred of slavery, Brown was responsible for the Pottawatomie massacre, in which five pro-slavery men were murdered. ...
Joshua R. Giddings

Joshua R. Giddings  

(b. 6 October 1795; d. 27 May 1864), the most outspoken critic of slavery in the U.S. Congress for over two decades.Insisting that the Constitution made no provisions for ...
Kansas-Nebraska Act

Kansas-Nebraska Act  

(1854)An Act of the US Congress concerning slavery. Following the Mexican–American War, the Compromise of 1850 had allowed squatters in New Mexico and Utah to decide by referendum whether they would ...
Liberty Party

Liberty Party  

The Liberty party was organized in Warsaw, New York, in 1839 by abolitionists convinced that they must take their decade-long antislavery propaganda campaign into the polling booth to accomplish ...
Martin Van Buren

Martin Van Buren  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1782–1862)US Democratic statesman, 8th President of the USA (1837–41). He was appointed Andrew Jackson's Vice-President in 1832 and became President five years later. His measure of placing ...
Radical Abolitionist Party

Radical Abolitionist Party  

In 1855 William Goodell, Simeon Jocelyn, Gerrit Smith, and Lewis Tappan founded the American Abolition Society, which was based on radical notions of antislavery. The immediate spur for the ...

View: